Ama Dablam Expedition is one of the most extraordinary adventures in the lap of Himalayan. Ama Dablam is beautiful mountain located almost due South of Mount Everest and Lhotse in the Khumbu region. Literally, the word ‘Ama’ means Mother where ‘Dablam’ means the traditional special-pendant containing pictures of the gods, worn by Sherpa women in Sherpa Communities “for its peak resembles the same. Commonly known as “Mother’s Necklace.”
Ama Dablam Expedition is considered as one of the hardest mountain expeditions in Nepal and is a challenging trek with occasional difficulties. It is the third popular Himalayas peaks for permitted expeditions. The most popular route for climbing Ama Dablam is the south-west ridge. You will be glad to have chosen this route for the trek as you will enjoy crystal clear view of the Himalayan range including Mt Everest, Lhotse, Nuptse, Pummi etc. In recent years, the popularity is increasing day-by-day as it dominates the eastern sky to Mt Everest Base Camp for any trekking and it has been repeatedly scaled by both foreign and domestic trekkers. The ice- coated granite pyramid with vertical walls and sharp shaped leads Ama Dablam’s named the “Matterhorn Mountain” make this mountain the most stunning beautiful mountain along the popular trekking route to Everest Base Camp. In the route you get encounter with the famous Tangboche Monastery which is traditionally visited by climbers in the Khumbu Region. This is certainly a remarkable peak that has a peculiar attraction to any keen mountaineer. From the top of Mt Ama Dablam you have incredible view of Mt Everest, Mt Lhotse where you can be envisaged. Climbing the Mt Ama Dablam is entirely new way to approach to create a truly remarkable experience in your life.
Why this treks?
Well! The simple reason is that this route can be a lot quieter and equally adventurous where thousands of people die for its experience. Secondly this tour take you close to crystal clear view of Himalayan range including to Mt. Everest – highest peak of the world that you can almost smell it. Thirdly, the people in this area are very innocent and welcoming. Sherpas, specially, consider every tourist as their own guests who are regarded as Gods according to Nepalese culture “Atithi Devo Bhawa”. Meanwhile you will be greeted with a soft voice saying “Namaste” accompanied by the joining of palms together.
That’s why we, Great Nepal Treks and Expedition recommend you to book this trekking program to make your trekking dream come true on the lap of the Himalayas. It takes more than 30 days to complete an endeavor. We are ever ready to support you in making your dream meaningful. Then hurry to be a part of our company and experience the feel of being in safe hands to experience the adventurous of life as well we never let you to feel you are outsider but treated as the family member of Great Nepal. As we ever promote Eco-tourism activities in Nepal.
Day 1: Arrival in Kathmandu (1,350m/4,428ft)
Day 2: Kathmandu- Sightseeing and Preparation
Day 3: Fly to Lukla (2,800m/9,184ft) 30-45 min flight, 3-4 hours trek to Phakding (2610m)
Day 4: Phakding to Namche Bazaar (3,440m/11,283ft): 5-6 hours
Day 5: Acclimatization Day in Namche Bazaar (3,440m /11,283ft)
Day 6: Trek to Debuche
Day 7: Trek to Pangboche
Day 8: Rest day for you Pheriche (4,300m) in for acclimatization
Day 9: Pheriche to Ama Dablam Base Camp (4570m/15000ft)
Day 10: Acclimatization and Pre-climb training at Ama Dablam Base Camp
Day 11-25: Ascending and Descending of Ama Dablam (6856m/22488ft)
Day 26-27: Trek to Lukla
Day 28: Fly to Kathmandu
Day 29: Free day Leisure in Kathmandu
Day 30: Final Departure
Upon your arrival in Kathmandu, Great Nepal Representative will pick you up from the airport. You will then be transferred to Hotel nearby Thamel as per your request or similar category hotel. Upon arrival at hotel, you may relax or go around for shopping.
The early sunrise wakes you up knocking the eyelids and pushes you for delicious and warm breakfast. After while you will be escorted to explore the beauties of Kathmandu :- enlisted UNESCO World Heritage sites like Boudhanath, Swayambhunath – Monkey Temple, the sacred Hindu temple of Pashupatinath, Kathmandu Durbar square. After the tour, you get your equipment checked by our climbing leader, get introduced to fellow participants, and discuss about trip at Great Nepal treks and Expedition’s office. Overnight in Kathmandu.
Trek to the Khumbu region begins from Kathmandu where you board a flight to Lukla or the Tenzing-Hillary Airport from Kathmandu. It is a wonderful mountain flight and the flight itself can be no less than an adventure as the airport is enlisted as the most dangerous airport in the world, given the location, altitude and topography. After wonderful 30-45 minutes you will land at Airport where you meet our crew members. With some packing and preparation, you will start short trek to Phakding to acclimatize. Overnight in Phakding.
The real trek starts from Lukla from where you trek to Namche Bazaar, the gateway to Everest and then to the Base Camp, exploring the Khumbhu region “tourist Hub” where you find ATMs, internet café, shops and colorful market. In this Day, the trail will take you along the Dudh- Koshi River while ascending through Himalayan Pine forest to your destination, Namche Bazaar. Along the way, you will get your first glimpse of Mt Everest as well as other mountain peaks such as Kusumkangru (6369m) and Mt Thamserku (6608m). You will see paintings of Buddhist deities at Benkar and a small gompa at Monjo as well as explore the granite bluff carved with Tibetan Mantra’s en-route. This day you will also cross five suspension bridges, the last one also known as the Hillary Bridge being the highest bridge. After strenuous uphill walk, you will be in Namche Bazaar. Overnight at a guest house in Namche.
This is the day set aside for acclimatization. Health experts recommend that you stay active and move around even during the rest day instead of being idle. There are a few options set aside for this day. You can either stroll around Namche’s quaint villages or come in contact with the Sherpa people and their rich culture, or you can hike up to the Everest View Hotel and enjoy an up-close view of the mighty Everest. If the weather is clear, you may even catch a glimpse of Mt. Everest peering over the Lhotse-Nuptse ridge. While in the Namche village trekkers may also visit the local museum containing exhibits displaying the area’s native flora and fauna as well as the history of the Mount Everest region. While in the village we can visit the Edmund Hillary School and Khumjung Monastery (a monastery famous for housing the head of the Yeti!). Overnight in Namche Bazaar.
Today is going to be a busy day. After early breakfast, you will ascend to the path of Debuche passing through beautiful villages and cross the Dudh Koshi River while also enjoying magnificent views of the Himalayan peak along the way like Everest, Lhotse, Nuptse and Ama Dablam. After ascending on a steep trail you reach the Tengboche Monastery and spend some time there. Spend the night at Debuche.
You will hike to village called Pangboche is a scenic village surrounded by Everest to its north, Ama Dablam, Thamserku, and Kangtaiga to the east, the Kongde range to the south and the ImjaTse River flowing through the wide fertile valley. From here, we continue further up towards Pheriche, another beautiful village for an overnight stay.
You can capture the sensational mountain vistas & dream landscapes in your eyes, heart and memory for ever. You can feel the touch of nature in every blink of your eyes. You have optimum number of acclimatization to minimize the chances of anyone being affected by AMS (Acute Mountain Sickness). Today you climb a terrain above the Pheriche village. The good aspect of going through this village is that it provides a wonderful chance to savor the natural beauty of the mountains. Also it is well suited to give you a hiking experience in a cold condition. Overnight in Pheriche.
The way to Ama Dablam Base Camp allows you great panoramic view of the snow- capped mountains. We begin by trekking back to Pangboche and crossing the Dudh Koshi River. You will enjoy with the thrills and chills of mountain climbing from teahouse to teahouse following and touching many snow peaks until you reach the Base Camp. The Base Camp is a large open grassy area where you will be spending the rest of the day for acclimatization. Overnight at Ama Dablam Base Camp.
Peak climbing techniques and the proper ways of using climbing gear such as the ice axe, climbing boots, crampons, harness, ascender, etc will be brief described by our guides. Meanwhile the training will also include using ropes to go up and down. We strongly believe for your safety so that the training experience will boost your confidence and climbing skills to increase the chances of scaling the summit as well as to fully enjoy the experience. Nevertheless, a certain risk factor cannot be avoided as with other mountains in the region. There are steep ice sections to be overcome at high altitude so you have to acclimatization yourself.
Most parties attempt the South -West ridge, climbing expedition style, fixing ropes, ferrying loads, and acclimatizing slowly. The climb is typically done with three camps along the ridge. From the Ama Dablam Base Camp you move further up to Camp 1 at 5,700m (17,400 ft) which is technically challenging. Generally, one night is spent at Camp-1 for acclimatization. There are three camps above the base camp before reaching the summit. Camp -3 is usually established just below and to the right of the hanging glacier, the Dablam. You must follow existing fixed lines and then establish new ropes wherever necessary both for ascent and descent. Nevertheless, a certain risk of serac falls cannot be avoided as with other mountains in the region and there are sections of serious exposure which can be particularly challenging. After summiting the peak, you return back to the base camp.
After successful adventurous and thrilling mountain climb, you will back to Lukla trek and have a full relaxed on the hotel in Lukla.
After our long mountain journey, an early morning you will flight to Kathmandu. Reaching Kathmandu, you can take a rest or do some souvenir shopping. If we want to explore any other areas of Kathmandu, you may do that today. Overnight in Kathmandu.
This is a Leisure day, if any possible delay in flight to Kathmandu. If everything is favor, then you can explore the fascinating city of Kathmandu. There will be a farewell dinner in the evening to celebrate the climbers’ successful summit of Ama Dablam. Overnight in Kathmandu
Your adventure trek with us comes to an end today! A Great Nepal representative will escort you to the airport approximately 3 hours before your scheduled flight. On your way to home, you have plenty of time to plan your next adventure to the wonderful country of Nepal.
To enable all expedition members to acclimatize well and hence maximize their chances of success, our expedition programs are prepared with sufficient time for acclimatization. Adaptation to the altitude takes time and there can be no short-cuts, even if supplementary oxygen is used in the final stages. The atmospheric pressure at the base camp is half of that at the sea level. A thorough program of acclimatization is built into the itinerary which consists of regulated height ascents, followed by descents and rests before the final ascent to the summit. This will prevent the climbers to get rid from altitude sickness.
WHAT KIND OF PERSONAL FIRST AID KIT SHOULD I CARRY?
Although our guides carry first aid medical kit, it is better to carry a supply of first aid items for your own personal use according to your health conditions. Here are the list of some general as well as some special medications you may require:
DOES HIGH ALTITUDE EFFECTS AND BENEFITS?
You will be affected by high altitude problems if it is your fist trip at a high altitude.The altitude has some important beneficial effects on the human body and your trips have been designed to enable these. Please familiarize yourself with the information on AMS (Acute Mountain Sickness) and understand how to avoid it and read on benefits of high altitude and take advantage of these to improve your body' metabolism.
WHAT IS ACUTE MOUNTAIN SICKNESS? (AMS)
Altitude sickness is the reaction of the body adjusting to decreasing amounts of oxygen. The high altitude slowly decreases the flow of oxygen means the higher you climb, the flow of oxygen is very thin resulting the malfunction of body.
Altitude sickness most commonly occurs from above 2,800 meters (9,200ft) but this is different for everyone - there is simply no way of knowing your own susceptibility prior to being at altitude thus it is vital for you to monitor your own health. AMS occurs when the body is unable to adopt at the higher altitude having less amount of oxygen. At an altitude of 5490m (18000 ft.), the oxygen availability becomes just the half of the availability at sea level. While only a third of oxygen is available at the summit of Mt. Everest. Symptoms may be mild and subside/go away after a day's rest, or if it is ignored it could lead to death.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF AMS?
Symptoms can appear within 1-2 hours although most often appear 6-10 hours after ascent and generally subside in 1-2 days as the body adjusts to altitude. They may reappear as you continue to go higher. Symptoms of AMS usually occur gradually and can be one or a combination of the following:
• Headache: Due to the less amount of oxygen in air, the blood influences the blood vessels to spread wide in order to supply more oxygen to the brain and which cause them to show the early symptom of AMS.
• Dopiness: The trekkers or climbers feel very sleepy but could not.
• Shortness of breath: The breathing pattern changes as the breathing becomes faster and deeper than normal in order to get enough oxygen and rapid pulse
• Loss of appetite and nausea: Despite of physical exercise, the trekkers don’t have an appetite to eat. They will feel as if they want to vomit.
• Pins and Needles: Sensation of a limbs falling asleep.
• Fatigue: Physical pressure while trekking the long hours followed by Insomnia shows the next symptom of AIMS which is fatigue.
• Dizziness: A feeling of falling down, it is the early symptoms of AMS.
• Malaise: Malaise is the feeling of being sick which is also one of the symptoms of AMS.
• Swelling of hands, feet & face: Due to the accumulation of fluids, the tissues swell which is also one of the symptoms of AMS.
Symptoms associated with more severe Acute Mountain Sickness includes:
• Cyanosis (alteration of skin color into bluish or purplish)
• Chest tightness or congestion
• Coughing up blood
• Decreased consciousness or withdrawal from social interaction
• Grey or pale complexion
• Inability to walk in a straight line, or to walk at all
• Shortness of breath at rest
At high altitude, all people will experience some of the above symptoms in a mild form. If the body is unable to adjust to altitude these symptoms will persist and if they are left untreated, altitude sickness may progress to High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE) or High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE). Edema means simply fluid accumulation in your interstitial body tissues. Both HACE and HAPE can be fatal if ignored.
LIFE THREATENING FORMS OF AMS.
High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE)
If one accumulates of fluid in the lungs and mild fever then, there is a chance of High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE). The filling of fluid in the lungs is Pulmonary Edema. The fluid blocks the passage of fresh oxygen to get into the lungs which causes the shortage of oxygen. Though the exact reason for the HAPE has not been identified, scientists think that pressure of blood vessel around the lungs is directly proportional to the altitude. As a result the smaller blood vessels leak allowing the fluid to escape to the lungs. The treatment for the HAPE victims is to give the oxygen at the rate of 4 liters a minute, using Portable Altitude Chamber (PAC). In case of unavailability of PAC bag or oxygen, one is taken down to the low altitude which is the only way of life-saving. HAPE can also lead to unconsciousness which may also results to death in a short period of time.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF HAPE (fluid in the lungs)?
• A dry cough, developing to a wet one with blood-tinged discharge or saliva
• Tightness in the chest & blueness/darkness of face, lips & tongue
• Low fever up to 38°C/100°F
• Severe fatigue, progressing to coma
High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE)
HACE is the accumulation of fluid in the brain due of the swollen blood vessels to the brain. HACE is also seen within a couple of hours and can send the patient to coma and take his/her life in just few hours likewise to HAPE. The excessive flow of blood to the brain due to the low-level oxygen causes vasodilation which eventually leads to leakage of blood vessels to the brain. A 4 to 8mg of dexamethasone is given as a first dose to those who suffer from such sickness and then 4mg Diamox is given an every six hours gap. Similarly, 2-4 liters/minute oxygen is given and one is taken to down if it is necessary.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF HACE (fluid in the brain)?
• Severe headache symptoms not relieved by painkillers or lying down
• Confusion, disorientation & drowsiness
• Loss of balance or coordination
• Blurred or double vision/retinal hemorrhage
HOW TO PREVENT?
Certain medical conditions (such as respiratory disease) or medications (such as sleeping pills) can increase the risk of altitude sickness - it is important that you inform your guide of any medical conditions or medications before ascending to altitude. You can help your body to acclimatize and avoid altitude sickness by:
• Avoiding alcohol, tobacco and substances that can interfere with good delivery of oxygen to the body or cause dehydration
• Eating small, frequent meals high in carbohydrates
• Drinking plenty of water – the test of sufficient amount of water intake is ability to urinate colorless urine
• Taking it easy or have a rest. Walk at a slower pace than you would at sea level and avoid over-exertion
• Climb the mountain gradually and stop for a day or two of rest for every 600m/2000ft above 2,400m/8000ft
• Climb high but Sleep at a lower altitude if possible
• Learn how to recognize early symptoms of mountain sickness
WHAT IS THE TREATMENT?
Most travelers are able to successfully acclimatize by following the previously mentioned guidelines. However, there are instances where medical treatment is required. Ultimately, the best treatment for acute mountain sickness (AMS) is to descend to a lower altitude and rest. Early diagnosis is important. Acute mountain sickness is easier to treat in the early stages. The guide will monitor you all the time for symptoms and will pace you appropriately to minimize your exposure to AMS.
Cooperating with the guide and reporting if any of the above-described symptoms are seen allows your guide to undertaking appropriate and timely action to minimize your exposure to AMS. Sufficient time for acclimatization (After 3000 meters) is also another method to minimize AMS. Following precautions can be done in order to get rid of AMS:
• Don’t ascent up rapidly.
• Never use alcohol, sleeping pills and smoking.
• Drink more fluid 3-4 liters a day, clean boiled water / tea / coffee / soup / juice etc.
• Climb high and sleep low.
• Don’t go trekking alone, take guide/porter.
• Follow the advice from your guide, hotel, local people, guidebook.
• Descent if mild symptoms rapidly getting worse.
• Never leave or descent sick person along.
• Avoid getting cold.
• Take an easy and comfortable trekking route even if it is longer.
• Sleep more than normal.
Your Guide will carry some medications in First Aid Kit and may suggest for medication such as Ibuprofen, Paracetamol, combination of them or specific AMS medication. Standard and effective medication for prevention of AMS is Acetazolamide (Diamox) and it may be given to help improve breathing and reduce mild symptoms. This drug can cause increased urination. Ensure you drink plenty of fluids and avoid alcohol when taking this drug.
With severe cases of AMS, our guide will contact our office in Kathmandu and arrange your evacuation by helicopter. Before we accept you on the trek we will require that you purchase health and travel insurance including helicopter rescue and hospitalization.
HOW DO WE HANDLE DURING THE CASE OF EMERGENCY?
You never know when the unexpected situation comes and put you in hearse condition. So such cases you will be rescued by Helicopter. You are entirely liable for all the expenses incurred in evacuation. So, before coming to Nepal,please make your travel insurance. Ask your guide to arrange a runner to the nearest communication point and inform office about requirement of a helicopter. For evacuation, we require the name of the sick person and the exact location from where helicopter can airlift you. You should not leave the place after calling Helicopter for evacuation though you are feeling better than before.
HOW TO GET SAFE DRINKING WATER?
On the trek, there is a facility of purchasing safe drinking water in teahouses.It is better if you carry the water purifying pills on your own. On camping trek, the water will be treated with Potassium permanganate or Iodine. On the trail, water from the streams is safe to drink, but better not to use it directly for drinking.
DO WE BE SECURE DURING OUR JOURNEY?
Security and a safe journey is our core objective of trekking. Our guide holds licenses issued by the Nepal Government and our staffs are local, honest, kind and genuine. But we also insist you to take care of your own personal belongings. If you are on ‘camping trek’ please take your main bag inside the tent once you reach campsite and put all bags and belongings in the middle of the tent when you feel sleepy. Your guide assigns a Sherpa on turn wise basis to guard the campsite throughout the night. If you are on ‘Tea house arrangement, never leave your baggage unattended and keep your lodge room locked when you go out.
IS YOUR COMPANY GOVERNMENTALLY RECOGNISED?
Our company is not only governmentally recognize but also affiliated with several other national and international agencies related to tourism. Our Managing Director Mr. Surya Bahadur Ghimire has already performed Media and press coordinator role being the Executive Member for two years (2015-2017) in TAAN (TREKKING AGENCIES ASSOCIATION OF NEPAL), which is only an umbrella organization of all trekking agencies’ in Nepal.
Why is Tipping essential?
There are several reasons why you should tip in Nepal. It is quite the same as for what you tip in restaurants. They live in remote areas that are far from proper health and education facilities. Tipping them will additionally encourage them to manage good and nutritive food to eat, warm and comfortable clothes to wear or other necessary basic requirements to maintain their livelihood in a comfortable way. A small gesture of gratitude will do no harm to you but actually changes the lives of many people for a long time in many reasons. Our company has its fund collected from the same percentage of profit and sometimes from the tips of our guests which will directly be invested for uplifting the economic condition of guides, porters and other staffs of office. It’s nothing more than the way to add smiles on those laborious faces.