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Being a small land-locked country, strategically placed between two enormous countries; China and India, Nepal offers unbeatable adventure option for mountaineering and trekking, not only the tallest peak of the world- Mt. Everest but also other peaks like Dhaulagiri offering a myriad of adventure option to novice and hardcore adventures alike.
The seventh highest mountain in the world- Dhaulagiri (8,167m) lying on the north-west side of Annapurna and the Kali Gandaki Valley in the Western Nepal and South of the Tibet and Nepal border. Dhaulagiri is also known as “The White Mountain” because of its unique, mound shape when can be seen from treks that leave from Pokhara- City of Paradise. Dhaulagiri Base Camp Trek is strenuous and needs planning for acclimatization, but for the adventure seekers, it offers a great challenge, superbly beautiful views, and a total wilderness experience. This trek involves high passes like French pass (5360m) and Thapa pass (5200m) and demands some mountaineer knowledge and also offers you snow and glacier walking around it.
It is more interesting to know that Dhaulagiri is the 13th Eight- Thousander to be climbed by 13 Swiss members expedited on the 13th May 1960. Swiss expedition led by Max Eiselin were successfully reached Summit by only Six climbers including Nawang Dorjee. Dhaulagiri Base Camp Trek could be a great option for off beaten trekking and is also hardly crowded.
Welcome to the land of Himalaya at 1350m. You will be warmly welcomed by the mountains and our company representative will be standing with your name card at the arrival terminal with a beautiful smile. You will be escorted to your hotel and will be provided all the details information about your program. Overnight stay at Hotel.
Early morning we will drive from Kathmandu along the beautiful Prithvi Highway enjoying the beautiful landscape during the journey. First, we will reach the town of Pokhara and from there we will make our way to Beni, the headquarters of Myagdi district. Beni is a beautiful little town of Myagdi district and it is a perfect place to start the trek. Overnight stay at Guesthouse.
From Beni we will move for the trek to Babiachaur (900m/2953ft), which takes around 5 hours. Leaving Beni means leaving Kali Gandaki and going west following the north bank of Myagdi Khola all the way through the village of Beni. Upon crossing a suspension bridge over Myagdi Khola, we head towards the village of Simalchaur. From then on, we walk for a while before reaching Babiyachaur. Overnight stay in a tented camp.
From Babiachaur, the trail now ascends continually uphill along the widened valleys and hills. The trail gains further altitude as we pass the village named Shahashradhara. We then cross the village and continue along the trail which leads us to the village of Dharapani. Overnight stay at tented camp.
On this day we will trek to Muri crossing the river, head towards the north to Phedi. As you move on, the trail begins by climbing and there you will find many switch –backs until you appear at the edge. Again the trail climbs sharply to the village of Muri. Muri is a small Magar village in Myagdi district. Overnight stay at tented camp.
First, we will cross a watercourse and continue to trek through the terraced field. On the right Mt. Ghustung South (6465m) is clearly visible. Myagdi Khola is what awaits us next and we will hike down west to the village of Naura. The trail now takes a steep step with switchbacks and goes down along the forest to Baghara. Overnight stay at tented camp.
The trail from Baghara goes down all the way through terraced fields that lead to a small edge and afterward to a forest of Jyardan. We will cross the settlement area of Jyardan, a high winding path crosses a rocky area and then descends before climbing again to Lipshe where there is a single hut. The trail keeps on through a forest to Lapshe Kharka and moves to Dobang (2520m). Overnight stay at tented camp.
Today’s walk is relatively long one taking close to seven hours to reach the Italian Base Camp from Dobang. The trail is also physically strenuous as the altitude continually rises as we move along the trail. Tukche Peak (6837m/22431ft) can be seen during the trek, while the glimpses of Dhaulagiri-I (8167m/26794ft) is also visible while on the trekking trail. After a short walk we reach Italian Base Camp (3660m/12007ft) which is also the site for camping for the night. Overnight stay at tented camp.It’s a short hike to Italian Base Camp for which we will encounter with the forests, moraine and boulders. On this day we will trek close to the west side of Dhaulagiri. Overnight stay at tented camp.
The next day we will be spending at the Italian Base Camp, resting and acclimatizing to the conditions. Mountain views of the entire Dhaulagiri Mountain Range are also one of the features of staying at the Italian Base Camp. We spend the rest of the day and night at a tented camp.
Early morning after breakfast w will resume our trek from the Italian Base Camp. The reason for starting early is that the weather is relatively clear in the morning and it is easier to cover the distance in the morning. Overnight stay at the Glacier Camp.
Today we will trek to Dhaulagiri Base Camp visible instantly at the far end while the striking north flank of Dhaulagiri dominates the skyline to the right. All your hard work will be awarded with the spectacular view of Dhaulagiri II and Dhaulagiri V are also clearly visible. Overnight stay at Dhaulagiri Base Camp.
The way that leads to the Hidden Valley can be strenuous and tiring. As the altitude now is above 5000 meters, the trek is physically demanding and the trekkers are suggested to go about the trek in a slow manner. However, the trail can be adventurous at the same time as it goes upwards for some time and again descends after a while. Hidden Valley is particularly known for the wonderful views of the Dhaulagiri and other mountain peaks. Overnight stay at tented camp.
On this day we will begin our downhill trek towards the Yak Kharka. We will cross the Dhampus Pass where you will view entire Annapurna Range being touched by the sun with the valley resting below in the darkness is amazing. Overnight stay at a guesthouse.
Today we will trek to Jomsom which is relatively easier compared to the earlier ones. On your way you will come across many Tibetan traders and the hordes of Yak carrying goods to the Muktinath region. Overnight stay at a guesthouse.
This day we will take our flight early in the morning from Jomsom to Pokhara and will spend rest of the day in Pokhara, exploring the natural beauty and the great natural ambiance. Overnight stay at Hotel.
After breakfast, you will drive back to Kathmandu. Overnight stay at the Hotel.
Today day you will have a full day sightseeing tour of Kathmandu City consists of Kathmandu Durbar Square (City of Temple), Swoyambhunath (Monkey temple) and Patan City (City of fine arts). Kathmandu Durbar Square is a complex of palaces, courtyards and temples like Hanuman Dhoka Palace, Kumari Ghar (Abode of the Living Goddess), Taleju temple, built between the 12th and 18th centuries, used to be the seat of the ancient Malla Kings of Kathmandu. The Great Stupa of Swayambhunath stands on a hill to the west of Kathmandu. Its name means “The Self-created, Self-existent Buddha” also known as Monkey temple. Patan City is noted for its craftsmen and metal workers. The diversity of the Medieval culture that allowed both Hinduism and Buddhism to flourish has left a rich legacy of impressive sightseeing in this city for today’s visitors. In the evening, you will attend a celebration dinner. Overnight stay at the Hotel.
Sadly, your most memorable Dhaulagiri Base Camp Trek journey ends today. A Great Nepal representative will escort you to the airport 3 hours before your scheduled flight. On your way home, you have plenty of time to think about your recent adventure and to plan your next wonderful adventure in Nepal.
To enable all expedition members to acclimatize well and hence maximize their chances of success, our expedition programs are prepared with sufficient time for acclimatization. Adaptation to the altitude takes time and there can be no short-cuts, even if supplementary oxygen is used in the final stages. The atmospheric pressure at the base camp is half of that at the sea level. A thorough program of acclimatization is built into the itinerary which consists of regulated height ascents, followed by descents and rests before the final ascent to the summit. This will prevent the climbers to get rid from altitude sickness
Although our guides carry first aid medical kit, it is better to carry a supply of first aid items for your own personal use according to your health conditions. Here are the list of some general as well as some special medications you may require:
– Antiseptic cream (Betadine)
– Sunblock SPF 30+
– Throat lozenges
– Painkillers and anti-inflammatory such as Aspirin, Paracetamol, Ibuprofen etc.
– Band-aids, bandage, compression bandage and ‘Second Skin’ for blisters
– Re-hydration salts. (Trioral, Electrobin, Oral Rehydrating Salt)
– Dextrose glucose tablets
– Water treatment tablets
– Your prescription medications
– Antibiotics for longer climbing and expedition style trips
You will be affected by high altitude problems if it is your fist trip at a high altitude. The altitude has some important beneficial effects on the human body and your trips have been designed to enable these. Please familiarize yourself with the information on AMS (Acute Mountain Sickness) and understand how to avoid it and read on benefits of high altitude and take advantage of these to improve your body’ metabolism.
Altitude sickness is the reaction of the body adjusting to decreasing amounts of oxygen. The high altitude slowly decreases the flow of oxygen means the higher you climb, the flow of oxygen is very thin resulting the malfunction of body. Altitude sickness most commonly occurs from above 2,800 meters (9,200ft) but this is different for everyone – there is simply no way of knowing your own susceptibility prior to being at altitude thus it is vital for you to monitor your own health. AMS occurs when the body is unable to adopt at the higher altitude having less amount of oxygen. At an altitude of 5490m (18000 ft.), the oxygen availability becomes just the half of the availability at sea level. While only a third of oxygen is available at the summit of Mt. Everest. Symptoms may be mild and subside/go away after a day’s rest, or if it is ignored it could lead to death.
Symptoms can appear within 1-2 hours although most often appear 6-10 hours after ascent and generally subside in 1-2 days as the body adjusts to altitude. They may reappear as you continue to go higher. Symptoms of AMS usually occur gradually and can be one or a combination of the following:
• Headache: Due to the less amount of oxygen in air, the blood influences the blood vessels to spread wide in order to supply more oxygen to the brain and which cause them to show the early symptom of AMS.
• Dopiness: The trekkers or climbers feel very sleepy but could not.
• Shortness of breath: The breathing pattern changes as the breathing becomes faster and deeper than normal in order to get enough oxygen and rapid pulse
• Loss of appetite and nausea: Despite of physical exercise, the trekkers don’t have an appetite to eat.
High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE)
If one accumulates of fluid in the lungs and mild fever then, there is a chance of High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE). The filling of fluid in the lungs is Pulmonary Edema. The fluid blocks the passage of fresh oxygen to get into the lungs which causes the shortage of oxygen. Though the exact reason for the HAPE has not been identified, scientists think that pressure of blood vessel around the lungs is directly proportional to the altitude. As a result the smaller blood vessels leak allowing the fluid to escape to the lungs. The treatment for the HAPE victims is to give the oxygen at the rate of 4 liters a minute, using Portable Altitude Chamber (PAC). In case of unavailability of PAC bag or oxygen, one is taken down to the low altitude which is the only way of life-saving. HAPE can also lead to unconsciousness which may also results to death in a short period of time.
High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE)
HACE is the accumulation of fluid in the brain due of the swollen blood vessels to the brain. HACE is also seen within a couple of hours and can send the patient to coma and take his/her life in just few hours likewise to HAPE. The excessive flow of blood to the brain due to the low-level oxygen causes vasodilation which eventually leads to leakage of blood vessels to the brain. A 4 to 8mg of dexamethasone is given as a first dose to those who suffer from such sickness and then 4mg Diamox is given an every six hours gap. Similarly, 2-4 liters/minute oxygen is given and one is taken to down if it is necessary.
– A dry cough, developing to a wet one with blood-tinged discharge or saliva
– Tightness in the chest & blueness/darkness of face, lips & tongue
– Low fever up to 38°C/100°F
– Severe fatigue, progressing to coma
– Severe headache symptoms not relieved by painkillers or lying down
– Confusion, disorientation & drowsiness
– Loss of balance or coordination
– Blurred or double vision/retinal hemorrhage
Certain medical conditions (such as respiratory disease) or medications (such as sleeping pills) can increase the risk of altitude sickness – it is important that you inform your guide of any medical conditions or medications before ascending to altitude. You can help your body to acclimatize and avoid altitude sickness by:
– Avoiding alcohol, tobacco and substances that can interfere with good delivery of oxygen to the body or cause dehydration
– Eating small, frequent meals high in carbohydrates
– Drinking plenty of water – the test of sufficient amount of water intake is ability to urinate colorless urine
– Taking it easy or have a rest. Walk at a slower pace than you would at sea level and avoid over-exertion
– Climb the mountain gradually and stop for a day or two of rest for every 600m/2000ft above 2,400m/8000ft
– Climb high but Sleep at a lower altitude if possible
– Learn how to recognize early symptoms of mountain sickness
Most travelers are able to successfully acclimatize by following the previously mentioned guidelines. However, there are instances where medical treatment is required. Ultimately, the best treatment for acute mountain sickness (AMS) is to descend to a lower altitude and rest. Early diagnosis is important. Acute mountain sickness is easier to treat in the early stages. The guide will monitor you all the time for symptoms and will pace you appropriately to minimize your exposure to AMS.Cooperating with the guide and reporting if any of the above-described symptoms are seen allows your guide to undertaking appropriate and timely action to minimize your exposure to AMS. Sufficient time for acclimatization (After 3000 meters) is also another method to minimize AMS. Following precautions can be done in order to get rid of AMS:
Don’t ascent up rapidly.
• Never use alcohol, sleeping pills and smoking.
• Drink more fluid 3-4 liters a day, clean boiled water / tea / coffee / soup / juice etc.
• Climb high and sleep low.
• Don’t go trekking alone, take guide/porter.
• Follow the advice from your guide, hotel, local people, guidebook.
• Descent if mild symptoms rapidly getting worse.
• Never leave or descent sick person along.
• Avoid getting cold.
• Take an easy and comfortable trekking route even if it is longer.
• Sleep more than normal.
Your Guide will carry some medications in First Aid Kit and may suggest for medication such as Ibuprofen, Paracetamol, combination of them or specific AMS medication. Standard and effective medication for prevention of AMS is Acetazolamide (Diamox) and it may be given to help improve breathing and reduce mild symptoms. This drug can cause increased urination. Ensure you drink plenty of fluids and avoid alcohol when taking this drug.With severe cases of AMS, our guide will contact our office in Kathmandu and arrange your evacuation by helicopter. Before we accept you on the trek we will require that you purchase health and travel insurance including helicopter rescue and hospitalization.
You never know when the unexpected situation comes and put you in hearse condition. So such cases you will be rescued by Helicopter. You are entirely liable for all the expenses incurred in evacuation. So, before coming to Nepal, please make your travel insurance. Ask your guide to arrange a runner to the nearest communication point and inform office about requirement of a helicopter. For evacuation, we require the name of the sick person and the exact location from where helicopter can airlift you. You should not leave the place after calling Helicopter for evacuation though you are feeling better than before.
On the trek, there is a facility of purchasing safe drinking water in teahouses.It is better if you carry the water purifying pills on your own. On camping trek, the water will be treated with Potassium permanganate or Iodine. On the trail, water from the streams is safe to drink, but better not to use it directly for drinking.
Security and a safe journey is our core objective of trekking. Our guide holds licenses issued by the Nepal Government and our staffs are local, honest, kind and genuine. But we also insist you to take care of your own personal belongings. If you are on ‘camping trek’ please take your main bag inside the tent once you reach campsite and put all bags and belongings in the middle of the tent when you feel sleepy. Your guide assigns a Sherpa on turn wise basis to guard the campsite throughout the night. If you are on ‘Tea house arrangement, never leave your baggage unattended and keep your lodge room locked when you go out.