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This Classic Everest Base Camp Trek follows the footstep of Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa, as they did on their famous expedition to be the first to conquer the world’s highest peak.
Classic Everest Base Camp Trek takes you into the lap of the Himalayas and the home of the highest mountain in the world Mt Everest at 8848 meters. Everest Base Camp is situated at an altitude of 5364 meters and brings you as close as you can get to the highest peak in the world (without a climbing permit). The viewpoint from Kala Patar at 5545 meters allows a classic view of the Everest range including four of the world’s 8000m+ peaks. This magnificent trek will bring you to the starting point of summit attempts and in spring you can even view the hustle and bustle of the climbing expeditions preparing for summit attempts.
During this trek, you will enjoy crystal clear view of The Himalayan range including Mount Everest, Ama Dablam, Lhotse, Nuptse, Pumori, Thamserku among others. Guest are regarded as Gods according to Nepalese tradition and culture. You will be greeted with a soft voice saying “Namaste” accompanied by the joining of palms together. Save plenty of space on your memory card as you will witness countless photographic moments. You will be immersed in the fascinating Sherpa community, culture and traditional way of life. This is not an easy trek but if you have courage, persistence and endurance then you can accomplish this strenuous Classic Everest Base Camp Trek.
You will be welcomed by a Great Nepal Representative at the airport. From there, you will be transferred to the hotel. Freshen up and meet the representatives once again to get the brief about the Everest Three Pass Trek itinerary. In your free time, you can stroll around the capital city of Kathmandu. Overnight in a hotel in Kathmandu.
Early morning get ready for a long day drive to Salleri. Drive east of Kathmandu passing many rural villages will lead you to headquater of Solu District, Salleri. Overnight stay at guesthouse lodge in Salleri.
Start your first day of Classic Everest Base Camp Trek with a climb up the ridge, from where you will began to view first glimpse of Everest. Trek via Salung (2650m) along the trail through villages, terraced fields, pine and Rhododendron forest before arriving at Nunthala. Overnight stay at tea house in Nuthala.
Today we walk through forests of pine, magnolia, birch, maple and rhododendron passing through the villages of Dagchu and Goyem. From here we cross the Lamjura La Pass (3530m) from where we have a panoramic view of the surrounding mountains and hills. From the pass we descend to Tragdobuk and Junbesi where we spend the afternoon exploring the village. Overnight at Junbesi.
After crossing the stream beyond Junbesi we climb up the forested slope and are rewarded with amazing views of the Himalaya’s including Mt Everest, Lhotse, Nuptse, Makalu, Thamserku, Mera Peak and others. This is our first glimpse of Mt Everest on the trek. We continue along the trail through villages, terraced fields, pine and rhododendron forest before arriving at Nunthala. Overnight at Nuthala.
Today we descend to the DudhKosi River and we follow it up to the Khumbu. After climbing and crossing some suspension bridges we reach Bupsa. Overnight in Bupsa.
After leaving Bupsa the trail heads through forest to Kharte before an uphill climb sees us at the Khari La Pass. From here we can enjoy magnificent views. From here we descent to Puiyan and eventually arrive in Surke. Overnight in Surke.
From Surke the trail heads up to Chhiplung before descending to Phakding. Overnight in Phakding.
Today, the trail will take you along the DudhKoshi River while ascending through Himalayan Pine and Deodar Cedar forests to your destination, Namche Bazaar, a historic trading point for Nepalese and Tibetan traders and the tourist “hub” for Khumbu trekking. Along the way you will get your first glimpse of Mt Everest as well as other mountain peaks such as KusumKangru (6369m) and Mt Thamserku (6608m). You will see paintings of Buddhist deities at Benkar and a small gompa at Monjo as well as exploring the granite bluff carved with Tibetan Mantra’s en route to Jorsale. Overnight in Namche.
Today will be spent in Namche itself for acclimatization purposes. As the altitude will now increase significantly, a day for acclimatization is paramount and strictly advisable for prospective trekkers. Options for today include a visit the Everest View Hotel which is situated at 3900m for panoramic views of the surrounding mountain range and our first proper view of Mt Everest. On our way we pass the Syangboche airstrip and there is an option to visit Khumjungvillage which is the location of the Hilary School. Overnight in Namche.
Trekking today we walk about 4-5 hours from Namche to reach Tengboche which is the location of one of the regions biggest Buddhist monastaries. Tengboche is a small traditional Sherpa village in the Khumbhu region from where there is a beautiful panoramic view of Mount Everest and other Mountain peaks including Mount Lhotse & Mount Nuptse. The highlight of the day is stunning views of Mt Everest, Nuptse, Lhotse, Thamserku and AmaDablam. You will have the opportunity to see wildlife such as pheasants, musk deer or Himalayan Thar.
Today’s trek we will get the chance to spot several Chortens, Mani walls and small villages. The feature of the walk today is a close-up view of Mt. AmaDablam, the Lobuche River and a beautiful vista of fields.
We start today with a climb up the KhumbuKhola Valley. The vegetation here is rather arid with incredible views of mountains all around. We soon arrive at Dusa, a yak herder’s place. From here the valley begins to narrow and soon we get an amazing view of Mt Purmori (7138m). From here the track descends before crossing a small wooden bridge over a roaring stream and then ascending to Dughla. Overnight in Dughla.
From Dughla the trail heads up the steep terminal moraine of the Khumbu Glacier. Trekking through the boulder strewn slope we ascend ChupkiLhara, a ridge from where we get amazing views. Here there are memorials to famous mountaineers Scott Fischer and BabuChiri Sherpa. From here the trail drops down to the Khumbu glacial moraine and we are confronted with close up views of several huge peaks, Khumbutse, Lingtren, Pumori and MahalangurHimal. Nuptse towers over our right as we cross the Khumbu Glacier and arrive in Lobuche.Overnight in Lobuche.
The trail will bring you to ThangmaRiju for a 360 degree view of the mountains where you will catch the very first glimpse of Kala Patthar before reaching GorakShep. After you reach GorakShep and will proceed to Everest Base Camp. You will get mesmerizing views of Nuptse, Khumbuste and Pumori today.Overnight in Gorak Shep.
Early this morning you will climb Kala Patthar for a panoramic sunrise view of Mt Everest. This is the highlight of the trip and includes the classic view of the entire Everest Range and surrounding peaks including 4 of the world’s highest peaks all over 8000m. We then head down the valley to Pheriche overnight.
TWe back track down to Namche Bazaar today. Through beautiful hillsides covered in juniper and rhododendron with mountain views and picturesque villages. Don’t forget to watch out for wildlife on this stretch.Overnight in Namche Bazaar.
Today you will descend from Namche Bazar. Along the trail you cross the Cross the suspension bridges on DudhKoshi River and its tributaries. Also you will get a chance to witness Sherpa culture and their impressive devotion to God.
You will board a flight back to Kathmandu while enjoying exhilarating mountain views for 30 minutes. The rest of the time in Kathmandu, you can spend time shopping or for buying souvenirs. Tonight there is a farewell dinner at a Nepalese restaurant with typical Nepalese cuisine and folk music to celebrate the successful completion of your trek. Overnight stay at a hotel in Kathmandu.
Today you will be going for sightseeing around the world heritage sites in the Kathmandu valley including, Kathmandu Durbar square, Bouddhanath Temple and Pashupatinath Temple. Later in the evening, a farewell dinner will be served in a Traditional Nepali Restaurant where you will be able to enjoy authentic cuisine with a brief cultural program as a celebration of your completed trek.Overnight stay at Hotel in Kathmandu.
Sadly your most memorable Classic Everest Base Camp Trek journey ends today. A Great Nepal representative will escort you to the airport 3 hours before your scheduled flight. On your way home you have plenty of time to think about your recent adventure and to plan your next wonderful adventure in Nepal.
You will be staying in 3 star hotels (as mentioned in itinerary) while you are in Kathmandu and Pokhara. While visiting the rural areas, especially high altitudes, you will be staying in teahouses. It is important to note that teahouses are small lodges run by locals and are a very popular type of accommodation in high altitudes and rural areas. They tend to be quite on the cheaper side and only offer limited services.It is important to be open-minded and not expect all the services you get in city areas. The rooms are typically small with twin beds, clean blanket, pillow and bed sheet. Normally people tend to carry their own sleeping bags for sanitary reasons. The only area, that is usually heated is the dining area, so be ready to face some cold night. Toilets in teahouses are typical squat-style and are very small but clean. Likewise, hot water is not available, but you can easily get some for a small fee. If you have any other questions related to accommodation, food, and other details during your visit to Nepal, you can always contact our operators who are available 24X7 at your service.
To enable all expedition members to acclimatize well and hence maximize their chances of success, our expedition programs are prepared with sufficient time for acclimatization. Adaptation to the altitude takes time and there can be no short-cuts, even if supplementary oxygen is used in the final stages. The atmospheric pressure at the base camp is half of that at the sea level. A thorough program of acclimatization is built into the itinerary which consists of regulated height ascents, followed by descents and rests before the final ascent to the summit. This will prevent the climbers to get rid from altitude sickness
Although our guides carry first aid medical kit, it is better to carry a supply of first aid items for your own personal use according to your health conditions. Here are the list of some general as well as some special medications you may require:
– Antiseptic cream (Betadine)
– Sunblock SPF 30+
– Throat lozenges
– Painkillers and anti-inflammatory such as Aspirin, Paracetamol, Ibuprofen etc.
– Band-aids, bandage, compression bandage and ‘Second Skin’ for blisters
– Re-hydration salts. (Trioral, Electrobin, Oral Rehydrating Salt)
– Dextrose glucose tablets
– Water treatment tablets
– Your prescription medications
– Antibiotics for longer climbing and expedition style trips
You will be affected by high altitude problems if it is your fist trip at a high altitude. The altitude has some important beneficial effects on the human body and your trips have been designed to enable these. Please familiarize yourself with the information on AMS (Acute Mountain Sickness) and understand how to avoid it and read on benefits of high altitude and take advantage of these to improve your body’ metabolism.
Altitude sickness is the reaction of the body adjusting to decreasing amounts of oxygen. The high altitude slowly decreases the flow of oxygen means the higher you climb, the flow of oxygen is very thin resulting the malfunction of body. Altitude sickness most commonly occurs from above 2,800 meters (9,200ft) but this is different for everyone – there is simply no way of knowing your own susceptibility prior to being at altitude thus it is vital for you to monitor your own health. AMS occurs when the body is unable to adopt at the higher altitude having less amount of oxygen. At an altitude of 5490m (18000 ft.), the oxygen availability becomes just the half of the availability at sea level. While only a third of oxygen is available at the summit of Mt. Everest. Symptoms may be mild and subside/go away after a day’s rest, or if it is ignored it could lead to death.
Symptoms can appear within 1-2 hours although most often appear 6-10 hours after ascent and generally subside in 1-2 days as the body adjusts to altitude. They may reappear as you continue to go higher. Symptoms of AMS usually occur gradually and can be one or a combination of the following:
• Headache: Due to the less amount of oxygen in air, the blood influences the blood vessels to spread wide in order to supply more oxygen to the brain and which cause them to show the early symptom of AMS.
• Dopiness: The trekkers or climbers feel very sleepy but could not.
• Shortness of breath: The breathing pattern changes as the breathing becomes faster and deeper than normal in order to get enough oxygen and rapid pulse
• Loss of appetite and nausea: Despite of physical exercise, the trekkers don’t have an appetite to eat.
High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE)
If one accumulates of fluid in the lungs and mild fever then, there is a chance of High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE). The filling of fluid in the lungs is Pulmonary Edema. The fluid blocks the passage of fresh oxygen to get into the lungs which causes the shortage of oxygen. Though the exact reason for the HAPE has not been identified, scientists think that pressure of blood vessel around the lungs is directly proportional to the altitude. As a result the smaller blood vessels leak allowing the fluid to escape to the lungs. The treatment for the HAPE victims is to give the oxygen at the rate of 4 liters a minute, using Portable Altitude Chamber (PAC). In case of unavailability of PAC bag or oxygen, one is taken down to the low altitude which is the only way of life-saving. HAPE can also lead to unconsciousness which may also results to death in a short period of time.
High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE)
HACE is the accumulation of fluid in the brain due of the swollen blood vessels to the brain. HACE is also seen within a couple of hours and can send the patient to coma and take his/her life in just few hours likewise to HAPE. The excessive flow of blood to the brain due to the low-level oxygen causes vasodilation which eventually leads to leakage of blood vessels to the brain. A 4 to 8mg of dexamethasone is given as a first dose to those who suffer from such sickness and then 4mg Diamox is given an every six hours gap. Similarly, 2-4 liters/minute oxygen is given and one is taken to down if it is necessary.
– A dry cough, developing to a wet one with blood-tinged discharge or saliva
– Tightness in the chest & blueness/darkness of face, lips & tongue
– Low fever up to 38°C/100°F
– Severe fatigue, progressing to coma
– Severe headache symptoms not relieved by painkillers or lying down
– Confusion, disorientation & drowsiness
– Loss of balance or coordination
– Blurred or double vision/retinal hemorrhage
Certain medical conditions (such as respiratory disease) or medications (such as sleeping pills) can increase the risk of altitude sickness – it is important that you inform your guide of any medical conditions or medications before ascending to altitude. You can help your body to acclimatize and avoid altitude sickness by:
– Avoiding alcohol, tobacco and substances that can interfere with good delivery of oxygen to the body or cause dehydration
– Eating small, frequent meals high in carbohydrates
– Drinking plenty of water – the test of sufficient amount of water intake is ability to urinate colorless urine
– Taking it easy or have a rest. Walk at a slower pace than you would at sea level and avoid over-exertion
– Climb the mountain gradually and stop for a day or two of rest for every 600m/2000ft above 2,400m/8000ft
– Climb high but Sleep at a lower altitude if possible
– Learn how to recognize early symptoms of mountain sickness
Most travelers are able to successfully acclimatize by following the previously mentioned guidelines. However, there are instances where medical treatment is required. Ultimately, the best treatment for acute mountain sickness (AMS) is to descend to a lower altitude and rest. Early diagnosis is important. Acute mountain sickness is easier to treat in the early stages. The guide will monitor you all the time for symptoms and will pace you appropriately to minimize your exposure to AMS.Cooperating with the guide and reporting if any of the above-described symptoms are seen allows your guide to undertaking appropriate and timely action to minimize your exposure to AMS. Sufficient time for acclimatization (After 3000 meters) is also another method to minimize AMS. Following precautions can be done in order to get rid of AMS:
Don’t ascent up rapidly.
• Never use alcohol, sleeping pills and smoking.
• Drink more fluid 3-4 liters a day, clean boiled water / tea / coffee / soup / juice etc.
• Climb high and sleep low.
• Don’t go trekking alone, take guide/porter.
• Follow the advice from your guide, hotel, local people, guidebook.
• Descent if mild symptoms rapidly getting worse.
• Never leave or descent sick person along.
• Avoid getting cold.
• Take an easy and comfortable trekking route even if it is longer.
• Sleep more than normal.
Your Guide will carry some medications in First Aid Kit and may suggest for medication such as Ibuprofen, Paracetamol, combination of them or specific AMS medication. Standard and effective medication for prevention of AMS is Acetazolamide (Diamox) and it may be given to help improve breathing and reduce mild symptoms. This drug can cause increased urination. Ensure you drink plenty of fluids and avoid alcohol when taking this drug.With severe cases of AMS, our guide will contact our office in Kathmandu and arrange your evacuation by helicopter. Before we accept you on the trek we will require that you purchase health and travel insurance including helicopter rescue and hospitalization.
You never know when the unexpected situation comes and put you in hearse condition. So such cases you will be rescued by Helicopter. You are entirely liable for all the expenses incurred in evacuation. So, before coming to Nepal, please make your travel insurance. Ask your guide to arrange a runner to the nearest communication point and inform office about requirement of a helicopter. For evacuation, we require the name of the sick person and the exact location from where helicopter can airlift you. You should not leave the place after calling Helicopter for evacuation though you are feeling better than before.
On the trek, there is a facility of purchasing safe drinking water in teahouses.It is better if you carry the water purifying pills on your own. On camping trek, the water will be treated with Potassium permanganate or Iodine. On the trail, water from the streams is safe to drink, but better not to use it directly for drinking.
Security and a safe journey is our core objective of trekking. Our guide holds licenses issued by the Nepal Government and our staffs are local, honest, kind and genuine. But we also insist you to take care of your own personal belongings. If you are on ‘camping trek’ please take your main bag inside the tent once you reach campsite and put all bags and belongings in the middle of the tent when you feel sleepy. Your guide assigns a Sherpa on turn wise basis to guard the campsite throughout the night. If you are on ‘Tea house arrangement, never leave your baggage unattended and keep your lodge room locked when you go out.