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Simikot to Mt. Kailash via Limi valley Trek begins with a scenic flight to Nepalgunj and then to Simikot in western Nepal through the ancient salt trade route of Limi Valley, also known as The Land of Bonpos and Ancient Monasteries. Experience unique wilderness of remote Nepal to the most sacred Mt Kailash in Tibet. Simikot to Mt. Kailash via Limi valley trek through the roof of the world offers true Tibetan culture, lifestyle and hospitality.
Mt Kailash is believed to be the physical incarnation of the mythical Mount Meru, also said to be the center of the universe or ‘Navel of the World’, depicted as a Mandala. Mount Kailash is holy to the followers of four religions. To Hindus, Kailash is the abode of Lord Shiva. Tibetans call Kailash as Kang Rimpoche. Jains worship it as Mount Ashtapada, the peak from which the religion’s founder, Rishabanatha, achieved spiritual liberation. Every year, hundreds of devotees participate in this spiritual and holy trail seeking for blessings of the Lord and take a dip in the holy lake of Mansarovar. Followers of Bon-Po revere Kailash as the soul of Tibet. It is said that a single Parikarma erases the accumulated sins of a lifetime, while 108 will achieve Salvation.
Lake Mansarovar (4510m), a sacred lake situated in the heart of Himalaya is believed to be adobe of purity. Taking a bath will cleanse all your sins you have committed over a hundred lifetime. Kailash Mansarovar Yatra is a trip of a lifetime with stunning scenery and cultural highlights with Himalayan wilderness in a land of Buddhist culture, Artistic Monasteries and Centuries-old caravan trails.
You will be welcomed by a Great Nepal Representative at the airport and be transferred to your hotel. Your Great Nepal Representative will explain briefly about the Simikot to Mt. Kailash via Limi valley trek itinerary. There will be a welcome dinner tonight where you will enjoy local cuisine and folk dance. Overnight stay in Hotel.
In Kathmandu half day tour around Kathmandu at places of great interest, as Kathmandu valley steeped with history and culture with most of the world heritage sites of Pashupatinath a Hindu temple, Bouddhanath Stupa Buddhist sites also known as ‘Little Tibet’. Afternoon as per the flight time for Nepalgunj transfer to Kathmandu domestic airport where 50 minutes flight brings you at Nepal Far South in Nepalgunj with super panorama of peaks during air-borne and on reaching Nepalgunj transfer to near airport hotel with afternoon free to see the the city areas of Nepalgunj. Overnight stay in Hotel.
After breakfast fly to Simikot. Upon arrival meeting and assistrance by our Trekking crew. Simikot headquarter town of Mugu / Humla district around far North West Nepal offering stunning views of Mt Api and Saipal peaks. From Simikot begin our first day walk to overnight camp at Dharapuri village, leading to a climb through farm fields of barley into forested ridge then downhill towards farm villages to reach Dharapuri for first overnight camping of this trip. Around far west region villages inhabited mostly by Thakuri people of Hindu religion, people around Mugu and Humla been in trade with Tibet for hundreds of years using same trail to Tibet border of 5-6 days walks. Overnight at Tented Camp.
After Dharapuri village, journey continues leading to a climb and crossing a stream reaching the last village of Thakuri people and the end of rice fields. From here paths through the walnut and preech trees along the Karnali River and crossing Salle- La Pass (2900m/9514ft) leads you to our campsite. Overnight at Tented Camp.
Morning starts with an uphill through Yangar village on a paved path built with rocks and woods and then crossing suspension bridge over Humla Karnali River. Climb to a stream past the apricot garden area and finally reaching Muchu village for our overnight camp. Overnight at Tented Camp.
After a nice stop at Muchu, our journey descend towards Thumkot village. After a break then climbing away from Humla-Karnali River walking on a steep-sided narrow gorge. From this point, a long hour trek leads to Torea village for overnight camp, with the afternoon free at leisure to explore the village. Overnight at Tented Camp.
As the walk progress altitude gains with morning climb to reach a small ridge at 3,500 meters high, from here countering on ridge top, offers grand vista of Yari valley area and high snowcapped peaks, after a short stop walk leads by an irrigation canal to a large wide valley of Jhyakthang chu this place marked with prayer walls entering into Buddhist culture villages of Tibetan influence. After a good walk reaching a moderate size Yari village built with stones, this village has another police post, with government custom office and a school. Farmlands with terraces yielding sufficient crops growing millets, barley, amaranth (Marcia) wheat, buckwheat’s, potatoes and radishes. After a nice stop walk continues with a climb on a wide valley encountering group of traders, pilgrims and pack animals-goats, sheep’s and yaks, then reaching at Sip-Sip a small place of cattle herders with few shops. Our camp is made near a stream at the bottom of Nara Lagna pass. Overnight at Tented Camp.
From this camp morning walk leads to a climb on a ridge with huge rock atop at Nara Lagna pass at (5,000m/15,030ft), the highest spot of this walk on Nepal side. The pass offers a grand panorama of Tibetan plateau with Humla Karnali River down below and green barley fields of Sher or Sera, distance views of Mt. Api and Saiphal peaks. After a pleasant stop walk downhill on dusty trail to Humla Karnali River to reach Nepal border at Hilsa village, a frontier post with few tents and stone houses surrounded with barley fields, just across the bridge a stone pillar marks Nepal-Tibet border. Overnight at Tented Camp.
Early Morning an hour climb to Sher in Tibet, on leaving Nepal, where our Tibetan guides and driver will receive for an interesting drive to Taklakot also known as Purang in Tibetan. Taklakot an important major market town for Tibetans, Nepali and as well for Indian traders with a separate bazaar areas, during summer months an important wool trade takes place between nomadic Drogpa herdsmen and Nepali traders. Overnight at local guest house.
After Taklakot you will find a complete change of environment with the local people including culture and way of living. From Taklakot a holy pilgrimage begins with a scenic drive to Lake Manasarover on leaving Karnali River valley. As the drive continues over pass and then reaching a flat barren and arid country beneath massive Mt. Gurla Mandhata at 7,728 meters.From here drive leads over Thalladong Pass (5,050m) with views of Rakshesh Lake and holy Mt. Kailash. From the pass descend downhill to Chu Gompa located by the western bank of Lake Manasarover for overnight stop. Overnight at guest house or Tented Camp. (depending upon the season for Indian and Tibetan pilgrims)
Rest day for acclimatization and to explore around Lake Manasarover, a holy lake located between Mt. Kailash 6,714m and the Gurla Mandhata mountain range at 7,694 m. Manasarover floats beneath the shadow of holy Kailash as the lake formed in the mind of Gods.An optional circuit with drive around Manasarover Lake can be done on request taking about 5 hrs. Overnight at guest house or Tented Camp.
After a wonderful rest at holy Manasarover Lake, a short drive to popular Darchen town of the area which is also the start and end of holy Kailash circuit or kora, Darchen with hotels and guesthouses a busy place with hundreds of pilgrims during auspicious time for parikrama / kora (circumambulation). From Darchen drive leads North West at holy spot Tarboche where our walk begins with view of Kailash West Face. Kailash stands at (6,714m/22027ft), heart of ancient Shangshung kingdom supposed country of Pre- Buddhist Bonpos origin. After 4 hrs walks brings you at Diraphuk Gompa. Overnight at a Simple Guest House Lodge.
After Dhiraphuk, morning walk on nice path for an hour and then climb to reach the top at Droma-La Pass (5,470m /18,525ft), the highest point of Kailash walk. A big boulder represents Goddess Dolma or Dromo (Tara)which is festooned with prayer flags. This spot is the physical and spiritual high point of pilgrimage. From here descend to the bottom of the hill and walk to Zutul-Puk Gompa. The place is named after a cave where poet, saint Milarepa meditated; his footprint still remains on the roof. Overnight at a Simple Guest House Lodge.
Last day of holy walk kora or parikrama, an easy morning walk of few hours on broad plain passing many prayer mani walls, then coming to a narrow valley with short section of gorge as the route turns towards west to Darchen, last leg of the walk make a dramatic exit from river valley on to the plain as walk passes to mani walls decorated with carved yak skulls. A short walk from brings you at Darchenwhere you will end of the trek in Tibet. From here drive back to Taklakot. Overnight at local guest house.
From Taklakot a short drive to border at Sher with farewell to Tibetan guide and drivers and then head downhill towards Nepal side. On crossing a newly built steel bridge to reach at Hilsa and then continue walk to Manepemea, to reach back at Simikot town with an alternative high and remote path through many isolated farm villages and Monasteries which is of strong Tibetan influence and the people are of similar looks with culture and custom. Starting crossing over an iron bridge to reach other banks of Karnali river which is the longest river of Nepal fed from the glacier of Mt. Kailash in Tibet, then following Karnali River on the trail to Manepeme village, with gradual winding path and climb and ending the day at Manepeme village for overnight camp. Overnight at Tented Camp.
After a pleasant stop on this quaint village with few houses, walk leads to gradual climb on a narrow trail and reaching to a level ground for few hours and with steep haul over a narrow trail to Ya Yip Phuk where there is nice cave which is used as meditation by Buddhist monks long time back a great high guru Lotsawa Rinchen Sangpo a great translator of Tibetan Buddhist scriptures mediate here around 985-1055 A.D. From here trekking for an hour reaching at Lamka La pass (4,300m/14304ft) with spectacular views of mountains and valleys, and then descending to Til village which is rich with a Monastery and many interesting Stupas. Overnight at Tented Camp.
From Til village walk leads to Halji starting the short day walk of three hours with a descend to Limi River and on nice gradual path with fabulous surrounding views around this area. You also might spot some wildlife a herd of blue sheep’s and mountain goats including elusive snow leopards. After few hours of pleasant walk reaching at Halji village for overnight stop, this old traditional village houses an important 14 th century monastery called Rinchenling Gompa which belongs to Tibetan Buddhism of Kagyugpa Sect, this lovely village with a medical clinic,micro hydro power plant and solar plant with the help of Nepal Trust Foundation, afternoon with ample time to explore in and around this village area which is very interesting and impressive to explore around here. Overnight at Tented Camp.
Today another short walk till lunch at Jang village, morning starts following Limi Khola (stream) with stunning views of surrounding landscapes panorama and then shortly after a nice walk ending the day at Jang village, this is the last and third largest village of Limi Valley area, after lunch to explore this pretty Jang village of authentic Tibetan culture, religion with traditional way of life. Overnight at Tented Camp.
After having two short days enjoying the stay in these remote villages, today a long walk on the barren, arid and windswept territory with stunning views of beautiful country of Tibetan landscapes this gentle walk passes many yak and cattle herders temporary camps on this summer pasture area and reaching towards a green valley for the overnight camp on this wonderful beautiful valley of Talung. Overnight at Tented Camp.
Today another long day’s walk as it leads to the last pass of this trip before Simikot town, after this camp starting with a steep uphill walk at above 4,940 meters on top of the ridge of Nyalu La pass with awesome panorama of Tibetan plateau with Mt. Kailash at 6,714 m and of Mt, Api and Saipal 7,031 meters with other adjoining snowcapped mountains. After a nice stop with great views walk leads to a descend at Selma Tso a glacial pond at around 4,630 meters, from here trek follows Salli River all the way to Shinjungma, a summer pasture and grazing land to set the overnight camp on this nice grassy field. Overnight at Tented Camp.
After being away from human settlement for few days, today’s walk leads back into villages with a long descend and reaching back to tree lines of pine and birch woodland along Salli Khola route, after few hours of nice walk, where Salli Khola joins the great Karnali River and then heading east to Kermi village for overnight stop with time to visit hot springs which is a mere distance from this village. Overnight at Tented Camp.
Finally this great adventure Around Simikot & Humla comes to a final end at Simikot town, morning with the last day walking of this journey leads to a climb at Darapuri 2,300 meters and Majgaon 2,290 meters. From this nice Majgaon village leading to a long climb for few hours to reach back at Karnali River and up to a small ridge of above 3,000 meters high pass; from the top offering grand views of hills and valleys with Mt. Api and Saiphal peaks, and then on the pleasant downhill walk concluding this last and final days trekking at Simikot town for the last overnight stop of this amazing trip in Nepal’s Far North West and around world highest and largest Tibetan plateau. Overnight at Tented Camp.
After a grand holy walk from Simikot to Mt. Kailash via Limi Valley and visiting Manasarover sacred lake, morning depart from Kathmandu taking a short flight warmer areas at Nepalgunj airport and then transfer for the flight back to Kathmandu. On reaching Kathmandu and at your hotel enjoy the afternoon at leisure. Overnight stay in Hotel.
A reserve day and free day today in case of flight delay at Simikot, if all goes well as per the itinerary enjoy with individual activities, for interested people can join in for another interesting tour around Kathmandu-Patan and Bhaktapur rest of the day free for shopping souvenirs. Overnight stay in Hotel.
Sadly your most memorable Simikot to Mt. Kailash via Limi valley journey ends today. A Great Nepal representative will escort you to the airport 3 hours before your scheduled flight. On your way home you have plenty of time to think about your recent adventure and to plan your next wonderful adventure in Nepal.
To enable all expedition members to acclimatize well and hence maximize their chances of success, our expedition programs are prepared with sufficient time for acclimatization. Adaptation to the altitude takes time and there can be no short-cuts, even if supplementary oxygen is used in the final stages. The atmospheric pressure at the base camp is half of that at the sea level. A thorough program of acclimatization is built into the itinerary which consists of regulated height ascents, followed by descents and rests before the final ascent to the summit. This will prevent the climbers to get rid from altitude sickness
Although our guides carry first aid medical kit, it is better to carry a supply of first aid items for your own personal use according to your health conditions. Here are the list of some general as well as some special medications you may require:
– Antiseptic cream (Betadine)
– Sunblock SPF 30+
– Throat lozenges
– Painkillers and anti-inflammatory such as Aspirin, Paracetamol, Ibuprofen etc.
– Band-aids, bandage, compression bandage and ‘Second Skin’ for blisters
– Re-hydration salts. (Trioral, Electrobin, Oral Rehydrating Salt)
– Dextrose glucose tablets
– Water treatment tablets
– Your prescription medications
– Antibiotics for longer climbing and expedition style trips
You will be affected by high altitude problems if it is your fist trip at a high altitude. The altitude has some important beneficial effects on the human body and your trips have been designed to enable these. Please familiarize yourself with the information on AMS (Acute Mountain Sickness) and understand how to avoid it and read on benefits of high altitude and take advantage of these to improve your body’ metabolism.
Altitude sickness is the reaction of the body adjusting to decreasing amounts of oxygen. The high altitude slowly decreases the flow of oxygen means the higher you climb, the flow of oxygen is very thin resulting the malfunction of body. Altitude sickness most commonly occurs from above 2,800 meters (9,200ft) but this is different for everyone – there is simply no way of knowing your own susceptibility prior to being at altitude thus it is vital for you to monitor your own health. AMS occurs when the body is unable to adopt at the higher altitude having less amount of oxygen. At an altitude of 5490m (18000 ft.), the oxygen availability becomes just the half of the availability at sea level. While only a third of oxygen is available at the summit of Mt. Everest. Symptoms may be mild and subside/go away after a day’s rest, or if it is ignored it could lead to death.
Symptoms can appear within 1-2 hours although most often appear 6-10 hours after ascent and generally subside in 1-2 days as the body adjusts to altitude. They may reappear as you continue to go higher. Symptoms of AMS usually occur gradually and can be one or a combination of the following:
• Headache: Due to the less amount of oxygen in air, the blood influences the blood vessels to spread wide in order to supply more oxygen to the brain and which cause them to show the early symptom of AMS.
• Dopiness: The trekkers or climbers feel very sleepy but could not.
• Shortness of breath: The breathing pattern changes as the breathing becomes faster and deeper than normal in order to get enough oxygen and rapid pulse
• Loss of appetite and nausea: Despite of physical exercise, the trekkers don’t have an appetite to eat.
High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE)
If one accumulates of fluid in the lungs and mild fever then, there is a chance of High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE). The filling of fluid in the lungs is Pulmonary Edema. The fluid blocks the passage of fresh oxygen to get into the lungs which causes the shortage of oxygen. Though the exact reason for the HAPE has not been identified, scientists think that pressure of blood vessel around the lungs is directly proportional to the altitude. As a result the smaller blood vessels leak allowing the fluid to escape to the lungs. The treatment for the HAPE victims is to give the oxygen at the rate of 4 liters a minute, using Portable Altitude Chamber (PAC). In case of unavailability of PAC bag or oxygen, one is taken down to the low altitude which is the only way of life-saving. HAPE can also lead to unconsciousness which may also results to death in a short period of time.
High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE)
HACE is the accumulation of fluid in the brain due of the swollen blood vessels to the brain. HACE is also seen within a couple of hours and can send the patient to coma and take his/her life in just few hours likewise to HAPE. The excessive flow of blood to the brain due to the low-level oxygen causes vasodilation which eventually leads to leakage of blood vessels to the brain. A 4 to 8mg of dexamethasone is given as a first dose to those who suffer from such sickness and then 4mg Diamox is given an every six hours gap. Similarly, 2-4 liters/minute oxygen is given and one is taken to down if it is necessary.
– A dry cough, developing to a wet one with blood-tinged discharge or saliva
– Tightness in the chest & blueness/darkness of face, lips & tongue
– Low fever up to 38°C/100°F
– Severe fatigue, progressing to coma
– Severe headache symptoms not relieved by painkillers or lying down
– Confusion, disorientation & drowsiness
– Loss of balance or coordination
– Blurred or double vision/retinal hemorrhage
Certain medical conditions (such as respiratory disease) or medications (such as sleeping pills) can increase the risk of altitude sickness – it is important that you inform your guide of any medical conditions or medications before ascending to altitude. You can help your body to acclimatize and avoid altitude sickness by:
– Avoiding alcohol, tobacco and substances that can interfere with good delivery of oxygen to the body or cause dehydration
– Eating small, frequent meals high in carbohydrates
– Drinking plenty of water – the test of sufficient amount of water intake is ability to urinate colorless urine
– Taking it easy or have a rest. Walk at a slower pace than you would at sea level and avoid over-exertion
– Climb the mountain gradually and stop for a day or two of rest for every 600m/2000ft above 2,400m/8000ft
– Climb high but Sleep at a lower altitude if possible
– Learn how to recognize early symptoms of mountain sickness
Most travelers are able to successfully acclimatize by following the previously mentioned guidelines. However, there are instances where medical treatment is required. Ultimately, the best treatment for acute mountain sickness (AMS) is to descend to a lower altitude and rest. Early diagnosis is important. Acute mountain sickness is easier to treat in the early stages. The guide will monitor you all the time for symptoms and will pace you appropriately to minimize your exposure to AMS.Cooperating with the guide and reporting if any of the above-described symptoms are seen allows your guide to undertaking appropriate and timely action to minimize your exposure to AMS. Sufficient time for acclimatization (After 3000 meters) is also another method to minimize AMS. Following precautions can be done in order to get rid of AMS:
Don’t ascent up rapidly.
• Never use alcohol, sleeping pills and smoking.
• Drink more fluid 3-4 liters a day, clean boiled water / tea / coffee / soup / juice etc.
• Climb high and sleep low.
• Don’t go trekking alone, take guide/porter.
• Follow the advice from your guide, hotel, local people, guidebook.
• Descent if mild symptoms rapidly getting worse.
• Never leave or descent sick person along.
• Avoid getting cold.
• Take an easy and comfortable trekking route even if it is longer.
• Sleep more than normal.
Your Guide will carry some medications in First Aid Kit and may suggest for medication such as Ibuprofen, Paracetamol, combination of them or specific AMS medication. Standard and effective medication for prevention of AMS is Acetazolamide (Diamox) and it may be given to help improve breathing and reduce mild symptoms. This drug can cause increased urination. Ensure you drink plenty of fluids and avoid alcohol when taking this drug.With severe cases of AMS, our guide will contact our office in Kathmandu and arrange your evacuation by helicopter. Before we accept you on the trek we will require that you purchase health and travel insurance including helicopter rescue and hospitalization.
You never know when the unexpected situation comes and put you in hearse condition. So such cases you will be rescued by Helicopter. You are entirely liable for all the expenses incurred in evacuation. So, before coming to Nepal, please make your travel insurance. Ask your guide to arrange a runner to the nearest communication point and inform office about requirement of a helicopter. For evacuation, we require the name of the sick person and the exact location from where helicopter can airlift you. You should not leave the place after calling Helicopter for evacuation though you are feeling better than before.
On the trek, there is a facility of purchasing safe drinking water in teahouses.It is better if you carry the water purifying pills on your own. On camping trek, the water will be treated with Potassium permanganate or Iodine. On the trail, water from the streams is safe to drink, but better not to use it directly for drinking.
Security and a safe journey is our core objective of trekking. Our guide holds licenses issued by the Nepal Government and our staffs are local, honest, kind and genuine. But we also insist you to take care of your own personal belongings. If you are on ‘camping trek’ please take your main bag inside the tent once you reach campsite and put all bags and belongings in the middle of the tent when you feel sleepy. Your guide assigns a Sherpa on turn wise basis to guard the campsite throughout the night. If you are on ‘Tea house arrangement, never leave your baggage unattended and keep your lodge room locked when you go out.