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This trek which takes in Everest, Three High Pass Trek is considered to be one of the most difficult treks in the Everest Region. It is a wonderful opportunity to cross three high passes, Kongma La Pass (5,535m/18159ft), Cho La Pass (5,330m/17486ft), Renjo La Pass (5,345m/17536ft). On Everest Three Pass Trek, you will be passing through vintage points with extraordinary views of the 8000m peaks including Mt Everest, the world’s tallest peak.
Other features of Everest Three Pass Trek are the visit to Thame, one of the oldest Sherpa villages in the region, home of an ancient monastery and the childhood home of Tenzing Norgay Sherpa (the first to summit Mt Everest along with Edmund Hillary). Other highlights of this trek are the picturesque Gokyo Lakes, Gokyo Ri and Kala Pattar viewpoints. The viewpoint from Kala Patar 5545m allows a classic view of the Everest range including 4 of the world’s 8000m+ peaks. This magnificent trek will bring you to the starting point of summit attempts and in spring you can even view the hustle and bustle of the climbing expeditions preparing for summit attempts.
During Everest Three Pass Trek, you will enjoy crystal clear view of The Himalayan range including Mount Everest, Ama Dablam, Lhotse, Nuptse, Pumori among others. This is not an easy trek but if you have courage, persistence, and endurance then you can accomplish this strenuous trek
You will be welcomed by a Great Nepal Representative at the airport. From there, you will be transferred to the hotel. Freshen up and meet the representatives once again to get the brief about the Everest Three Pass Trek itinerary. In your free time, you can stroll around the capital city of Kathmandu. Overnight in a hotel in Kathmandu.
Early morning, you will be transferred to the Tribhuvan Airport to board your flight to the Tenzing Hilary Airport, Lukla. After a wonderful scenic flight of 30 minutes, you will be at the outskirts of Lukla. Enjoy your first breakfast at a Nepalese rural land, then begin the Everest Three Pass Trek towards the village of Phakding. Along the Dudh Koshi River and on easy trail you walk to arrive at Phakding. Overnight in a tea house in Phakding.
Today, the trail moves along the Dudh Koshi once more. While hiking up, you will be amazed at the Himalayan Pine, Cedar, and Deodar forests. Go through the entrance of the Sagarmatha National Park at the Monjo Village and start an uphill climb to the Namche Bazaar. The Bazaar is the major tourist hub of the Khumbu Region. Along the way, you will get the first glimpses of Mt. Everest, Kusum Kanguru, and Thamserku. If you are an art lover, you should visit the Benkar Village. The village is famous for its Thangkas of Buddhist deities. Also, explore the Granite stones carved with Tibetan chanting along Jorsalle. Overnight in a tea house in Namche.
This day is leisure for you to acclimatize your body in thin air due to altitude gain. You may explore the local market, villages like Thame or Syangboche to get the scenic view of Everest. Also one can visit local Sherpa Museum to explore its traditional artifacts that showcase the Sherpa culture. and tradition. Overnight in a tea house in Namche.
After breakfast start your trek passing through the Dudh Koshi Bridge with the magnefecient view of Everest, Nuptse and Lhotse until you reach Phunki (3250m). Then climb toward Tengboche (3870m), which provides you eye pleasing views of Everest, Nuptse, Ama Dabla, Taboche, Thamkerku, Kantega and many more. Tengboche, has it’s own importance due to the it’s Monastery, which is also the largest Monastery in Khumbu. After that you will walk toward Debuche. Overnight in a tea house in Debuche.
Passing through the pine trees and crossing the small bridge will become a common sight. You will see amazing views of Ama Dablam on way to Dingboche. You have the chance to visit an ancient Monastery at Pangboche. Listen to legendary stories of the Yeti as told by the locals. You will spend your night at Dingboche.
We have an acclimatization day today. You can choose whether you would prefer to spend day in your bed or if you like to explore the Imaj Khola valley with a walk to Nagarjun Ri. Overnight in a tea house in Dingboche.
Hike up to Imja Khola Valley to yak huts at Chukhung and on to a small view point above at 5,546m to the Chukkung Ri for mesmarizing views of east fact of Ama Dablam and Lhotse-Nuptse wall. Overnight in a tea house in Dingboche.
Your first pass Kongma La at 5,535m is waiting for you today. After your breakfast you have the meeting with the pass. On your way to Lobuche you can see prayer flags and views from east to west. Khumbu glacier is one of the charms of this trek and you can experience that today. Overnight in a tea house in Lobuche.
The trail keeps on heading northwards after the Khumbu Glacier towards Gorakshep and then toward Everest Base Camp. Pomo Ri will be beside once you reach Gorak Shep and on your right is Nuptse. Gorak Shep (5,140m) is the spot for your lunch. Return to Gorakshep for overnight.
Today is the day to get incredible eye pleasing scenery and capture great photos with your camera. On your way to Dzongla, Everest will be watching you. From Kala Pathar’s summit (5,554m) you can get the one of the best panoramic views: Ama Dablam, Makalu, Nuptse, Lhotse and other many mountains. You will be passing back through Lobuche and arrive at the Dzongla village overnight.
Today, you will return to the Kathmandu Valley by a tourist bus. Upon arrival in Kathmandu, you will be guided back to your hotel. Freshen up and stroll around the Kathmandu Valley for souvenirs. Later, in the evening, enjoy a farewell dinner at a Nepalese Restaurant. Overnight in a hotel in Kathmandu.
You will be heading to the eastern side of the Gokyo Valley and over the Ngozumba Glacier. You will be climbing down to Gokyo Lake beside which is the small village where you will be staying overnight night.
After breakfast your day is packed for the exploration of Gokyo and Gokyo Ri (5,360m/17585ft). Today you will experience views of Cho Oyu, Everest, Lhotse, Nuptse and Makalu. You will also get stunning views of Khumbila and Taboche. Overnight stay in Gokyo.
After breakfast start your trek with the view of Everest in the east, Rolwaling Himal in the west and other mountains to north. Trek over Renjo La Pass (5,345m/17536ft) and descend to Lungden. Meet with Tibetan traders descending from Nangpa La pass with their goods on caravan of yak. Overnight stay at Lungden.
Your trek will be much easier as you will be walking the old paths of Himalyas. Thame one of the oldest Sherpa villages in the Everest region is waiting for your welcome. Thame is the birth place of the legendary late Tenzing Norgay Sherpa, first man to summit Mount Everest. Overnight we will stay at Thame.
Today your trial will descent to catch the amazing views of Kusum Kanguru (6,367m) until we reach legendary village of Namche. After breakfast trek further more to Monjo (2,840m/9,315ft). Overnight in a tea house in Monjo.
After breakfast retrace your trial through bank of Dudh Koshi River toward Lukla. After a small ascent we reach at Lukla and you can stretch your legs and get some relaxing time.
After breakfast fly back to Kathmandu. It’s a free day you can rest at the hotel or walk down to the Thamel to buy some souvenirs. Evening you will be taken to Nepalese Restaurant for cultural dinner with Authentic Nepalese cuisine. Overnight in a hotel in Kathmandu.
Your Trip to Nepal ends. A Great Nepal representative will guide you to the airport some 3 hours before the flight. Have a safe journey ahead.
You will be staying in 3 star hotels (as mentioned in itinerary) while you are in Kathmandu and Pokhara. While visiting the rural areas, especially high altitudes, you will be staying in teahouses. It is important to note that teahouses are small lodges run by locals and are a very popular type of accommodation in high altitudes and rural areas. They tend to be quite on the cheaper side and only offer limited services.It is important to be open-minded and not expect all the services you get in city areas. The rooms are typically small with twin beds, clean blanket, pillow and bed sheet. Normally people tend to carry their own sleeping bags for sanitary reasons. The only area, that is usually heated is the dining area, so be ready to face some cold night. Toilets in teahouses are typical squat-style and are very small but clean. Likewise, hot water is not available, but you can easily get some for a small fee. If you have any other questions related to accommodation, food, and other details during your visit to Nepal, you can always contact our operators who are available 24X7 at your service.
To enable all expedition members to acclimatize well and hence maximize their chances of success, our expedition programs are prepared with sufficient time for acclimatization. Adaptation to the altitude takes time and there can be no short-cuts, even if supplementary oxygen is used in the final stages. The atmospheric pressure at the base camp is half of that at the sea level. A thorough program of acclimatization is built into the itinerary which consists of regulated height ascents, followed by descents and rests before the final ascent to the summit. This will prevent the climbers to get rid from altitude sickness
Although our guides carry first aid medical kit, it is better to carry a supply of first aid items for your own personal use according to your health conditions. Here are the list of some general as well as some special medications you may require:
– Antiseptic cream (Betadine)
– Sunblock SPF 30+
– Throat lozenges
– Painkillers and anti-inflammatory such as Aspirin, Paracetamol, Ibuprofen etc.
– Band-aids, bandage, compression bandage and ‘Second Skin’ for blisters
– Re-hydration salts. (Trioral, Electrobin, Oral Rehydrating Salt)
– Dextrose glucose tablets
– Water treatment tablets
– Your prescription medications
– Antibiotics for longer climbing and expedition style trips
You will be affected by high altitude problems if it is your fist trip at a high altitude. The altitude has some important beneficial effects on the human body and your trips have been designed to enable these. Please familiarize yourself with the information on AMS (Acute Mountain Sickness) and understand how to avoid it and read on benefits of high altitude and take advantage of these to improve your body’ metabolism.
Altitude sickness is the reaction of the body adjusting to decreasing amounts of oxygen. The high altitude slowly decreases the flow of oxygen means the higher you climb, the flow of oxygen is very thin resulting the malfunction of body. Altitude sickness most commonly occurs from above 2,800 meters (9,200ft) but this is different for everyone – there is simply no way of knowing your own susceptibility prior to being at altitude thus it is vital for you to monitor your own health. AMS occurs when the body is unable to adopt at the higher altitude having less amount of oxygen. At an altitude of 5490m (18000 ft.), the oxygen availability becomes just the half of the availability at sea level. While only a third of oxygen is available at the summit of Mt. Everest. Symptoms may be mild and subside/go away after a day’s rest, or if it is ignored it could lead to death.
Symptoms can appear within 1-2 hours although most often appear 6-10 hours after ascent and generally subside in 1-2 days as the body adjusts to altitude. They may reappear as you continue to go higher. Symptoms of AMS usually occur gradually and can be one or a combination of the following:
• Headache: Due to the less amount of oxygen in air, the blood influences the blood vessels to spread wide in order to supply more oxygen to the brain and which cause them to show the early symptom of AMS.
• Dopiness: The trekkers or climbers feel very sleepy but could not.
• Shortness of breath: The breathing pattern changes as the breathing becomes faster and deeper than normal in order to get enough oxygen and rapid pulse
• Loss of appetite and nausea: Despite of physical exercise, the trekkers don’t have an appetite to eat.
High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE)
If one accumulates of fluid in the lungs and mild fever then, there is a chance of High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE). The filling of fluid in the lungs is Pulmonary Edema. The fluid blocks the passage of fresh oxygen to get into the lungs which causes the shortage of oxygen. Though the exact reason for the HAPE has not been identified, scientists think that pressure of blood vessel around the lungs is directly proportional to the altitude. As a result the smaller blood vessels leak allowing the fluid to escape to the lungs. The treatment for the HAPE victims is to give the oxygen at the rate of 4 liters a minute, using Portable Altitude Chamber (PAC). In case of unavailability of PAC bag or oxygen, one is taken down to the low altitude which is the only way of life-saving. HAPE can also lead to unconsciousness which may also results to death in a short period of time.
High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE)
HACE is the accumulation of fluid in the brain due of the swollen blood vessels to the brain. HACE is also seen within a couple of hours and can send the patient to coma and take his/her life in just few hours likewise to HAPE. The excessive flow of blood to the brain due to the low-level oxygen causes vasodilation which eventually leads to leakage of blood vessels to the brain. A 4 to 8mg of dexamethasone is given as a first dose to those who suffer from such sickness and then 4mg Diamox is given an every six hours gap. Similarly, 2-4 liters/minute oxygen is given and one is taken to down if it is necessary.
– A dry cough, developing to a wet one with blood-tinged discharge or saliva
– Tightness in the chest & blueness/darkness of face, lips & tongue
– Low fever up to 38°C/100°F
– Severe fatigue, progressing to coma
– Severe headache symptoms not relieved by painkillers or lying down
– Confusion, disorientation & drowsiness
– Loss of balance or coordination
– Blurred or double vision/retinal hemorrhage
Certain medical conditions (such as respiratory disease) or medications (such as sleeping pills) can increase the risk of altitude sickness – it is important that you inform your guide of any medical conditions or medications before ascending to altitude. You can help your body to acclimatize and avoid altitude sickness by:
– Avoiding alcohol, tobacco and substances that can interfere with good delivery of oxygen to the body or cause dehydration
– Eating small, frequent meals high in carbohydrates
– Drinking plenty of water – the test of sufficient amount of water intake is ability to urinate colorless urine
– Taking it easy or have a rest. Walk at a slower pace than you would at sea level and avoid over-exertion
– Climb the mountain gradually and stop for a day or two of rest for every 600m/2000ft above 2,400m/8000ft
– Climb high but Sleep at a lower altitude if possible
– Learn how to recognize early symptoms of mountain sickness
Most travelers are able to successfully acclimatize by following the previously mentioned guidelines. However, there are instances where medical treatment is required. Ultimately, the best treatment for acute mountain sickness (AMS) is to descend to a lower altitude and rest. Early diagnosis is important. Acute mountain sickness is easier to treat in the early stages. The guide will monitor you all the time for symptoms and will pace you appropriately to minimize your exposure to AMS.Cooperating with the guide and reporting if any of the above-described symptoms are seen allows your guide to undertaking appropriate and timely action to minimize your exposure to AMS. Sufficient time for acclimatization (After 3000 meters) is also another method to minimize AMS. Following precautions can be done in order to get rid of AMS:
Don’t ascent up rapidly.
• Never use alcohol, sleeping pills and smoking.
• Drink more fluid 3-4 liters a day, clean boiled water / tea / coffee / soup / juice etc.
• Climb high and sleep low.
• Don’t go trekking alone, take guide/porter.
• Follow the advice from your guide, hotel, local people, guidebook.
• Descent if mild symptoms rapidly getting worse.
• Never leave or descent sick person along.
• Avoid getting cold.
• Take an easy and comfortable trekking route even if it is longer.
• Sleep more than normal.
Your Guide will carry some medications in First Aid Kit and may suggest for medication such as Ibuprofen, Paracetamol, combination of them or specific AMS medication. Standard and effective medication for prevention of AMS is Acetazolamide (Diamox) and it may be given to help improve breathing and reduce mild symptoms. This drug can cause increased urination. Ensure you drink plenty of fluids and avoid alcohol when taking this drug.With severe cases of AMS, our guide will contact our office in Kathmandu and arrange your evacuation by helicopter. Before we accept you on the trek we will require that you purchase health and travel insurance including helicopter rescue and hospitalization.
You never know when the unexpected situation comes and put you in hearse condition. So such cases you will be rescued by Helicopter. You are entirely liable for all the expenses incurred in evacuation. So, before coming to Nepal, please make your travel insurance. Ask your guide to arrange a runner to the nearest communication point and inform office about requirement of a helicopter. For evacuation, we require the name of the sick person and the exact location from where helicopter can airlift you. You should not leave the place after calling Helicopter for evacuation though you are feeling better than before.
On the trek, there is a facility of purchasing safe drinking water in teahouses.It is better if you carry the water purifying pills on your own. On camping trek, the water will be treated with Potassium permanganate or Iodine. On the trail, water from the streams is safe to drink, but better not to use it directly for drinking.
Security and a safe journey is our core objective of trekking. Our guide holds licenses issued by the Nepal Government and our staffs are local, honest, kind and genuine. But we also insist you to take care of your own personal belongings. If you are on ‘camping trek’ please take your main bag inside the tent once you reach campsite and put all bags and belongings in the middle of the tent when you feel sleepy. Your guide assigns a Sherpa on turn wise basis to guard the campsite throughout the night. If you are on ‘Tea house arrangement, never leave your baggage unattended and keep your lodge room locked when you go out.