Makalu Expedition - 60 Days

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  • Duration: 60 Days
  • Trip Grade: Challenging Challenging
  • Country: Nepal
  • Region: Makalu
  • Elevation: 8485m (27,838ft) 
  • Coordinates: 27°53'21''N/87°05'27''E
  • Best Season: Late spring & Autumn
  • Group Size: 2-10 Pax
  • Trip Start/Ends: Kathmandu
  • Trek Style: Camping
  • Transportation: Domestic Air/ Land transportation

Makalu is one of the harder eight-thousanders and Makalu expedition is considered one of the most difficult mountains in the world to climb creating a challenge for the trekkers. The mountain is notorious for its steep pitches and knife-edged ridges that are completely open to the elements. The final ascent of the summit pyramid involves technical rock climbing. Makalu is the only Nepalese 8,000 m peak which has yet to be climbed in true winter conditions.

For Makalu expedition our route does transverse first climbing all the way to Neghe Kharka, crossing the Barun Khola flowing from Makalu. The route to Makalu Base Camp (4823m) involves a sustained period at altitude with some steep slopes, but rewards with powerful views of Makalu (8481m) to the north. This is the realm of the glaciers, surrounded by the unforgettable presence of the world’s mightiest mountains and brooding above the towering bulk of Everest itself.


Outline Itinerary

Day 1: Arrive Kathmandu (1350m/4,430ft)

Day 2-3: At leisure in Kathmandu. Preparation Day

Day 4: Fly Kathmandu to Tumlingtar and drive to Chichila 1,850m

Day 5: Trek from Chichila to Num 1,505m

Day 6: Num to Seduwa 1,530m

Day 7: Seduwa to Tashi Gaon 2,065m

Day 8: Tashi Gaon to Khongma 3,562m

Day 9: Acclimatisation day at Khongma 4,200m

Day 10: Climb over the Shipton La and descend to Mumbuk 4,200m

Day 11: Mumbuk to Yangri Kharka 3,610m

Day 12: Yangri Kharka to Shershong 4,650m

Day 13: Shershong to Makalu South East Base Camp

Day 14: South East Base Camp to Makalu North Ridge BC 4,800m

Day 15-17: Acclimatization at Base Camp

Day 18-50: Ascent of Makalu North East Ridge

Day 51: Pack Up BC. Ready for Departure

Day 52: Descend to Yak Kharka

Day 53: Yak Kharka to Mumbuk

Day 54: Mumbuk to Tashi Gaon

Day 55: Tashi Gaon to Num

Day 56: Num to Chichila

Day 57: Chichila to Tumlingtar

Day 58: Fly Tumlingtar to Kathmandu

Day 59: At leisure in Kathmandu

Day 60: Departure from TIA

Welcome to the land of Himalaya at 13m. You will be warmly welcomed by the mountains and our company representative will be standing with your name card at the arrival terminal with a beautiful smile. You will be escorted to your hotel and you will be provided with all the detailed information about your program. Overnight stay at Hotel in Kathmandu.

At leisure in Kathmandu for Preparation and last minute shopping.

Fly to Tumlingtar (285m - 938ft). And Drive to Chichila.

Trek from Chichila to Num 1,505m

Num to Seduwa 1,530m

Seduwa to Tashi Gaon 2,065m

Tashi Gaon to Khongma 3,562m

Acclimatisation day at Khongma 4,200m

Climb over the Shipton La and descend to Mumbuk 4,200m

Mumbuk to Yangri Kharka 3,610m

Yangri Kharka to Shershong 4,650m

Shershong to Makalu South East Base Camp.

South East Base Camp to Makalu North Ridge BC 4,800m.

Acclimatization at Base Camp

Ascent of Makalu North East Ridge

Pack Up BC Ready for Departure.

Descend to Yak Kharka.

Yak Kharka to Mumbuk.

Mumbuk to Tashi Gaon.

Tashi Gaon to Num.

Chichila to Tumlingtar

Fly Tumlingtar to Kathmandu

At leisure in Kathmandu 

Your journey in Nepal comes to an end today! Our representative will escort you to the airport approximately 3 hours before your scheduled flight. On your way to home, you have plenty of time to plan for your next adventure tour our wonderful Himalayan country.

Inclusion

  • All ground transfers as per our itinerary.
  • Hotel Thamel Eco Resort in Kathmandu (Bed and breakfast basis inclusive of all govt. Tax and VAT.)
  • Guided sightseeing around world heritage sites of Kathmandu. (Includes all applicable entrance fees.)
  • Welcome Dinner with Live Nepalese Program hosted by Makalu Adventures.
  • All Custom Clearance Fees for your gears.
  • Mount Makalu Expedition Royalty
  • Liaison Officer Fee/ Including all expenses, Airfares, foods, insurance and wages).
  • National Park Permit Fees. (Included all other entrance fees/permits wherever necessary.)
  • Airfare: Kathmandu-Tumlingtar-Kathmandu.
  • Transportation of all of your gears and our equipments, foods to the Makalu Higher Base Camp (5600m).
  • Full Logistic support for the Expedition. All the Camping & Kitchen Equipments (High Quality Salewa German / UK Quasar Super Tents) Such as Two Men Tent, Toilet Tent, Dinning Tent, Mattresses, Tables, Chairs, Hot water bag, Pillows, Inner Sheet and etc.
  • Trekking Sherpa, One Trekking Sardar, One High Altitude Cook, Kitchen Helpers, High altitude Porters and their daily wages.(Also including their insurance with all necessary lodging – meal – clothing arrangements.)
  • Three times meal a day till reaching Base Camp and after returning from Base Camp, prepared by our very professional kitchen crew.
  • (Including the fuel).
  • Medical treatment (if necessary) for our crew.
  • Cargo flight (Kathmandu-Tumlingtar-Kathmandu) for your equipment’s.

Exclusion

  • All International Airfares / Airport taxes.
  • Expenses of personal nature such as bottled drinks, mineral water, tips and etc.
  • Rescue and evacuation – if needed.
  • Personal medical and travel insurance.
  • Deposits for using Communication Sets (Walkie / Talkie and other Satphones).
  • Garbage Deposit which is refundable after the Expedition.
  • All arrangements above Makalu Higher Base Camp (5600m) (Climbing Tents / High altitude foods etc).

Acclimatization

To enable all expedition members to acclimatize well and hence maximize their chances of success, our expedition programs are prepared with sufficient time for acclimatization. Adaptation to the altitude takes time and there can be no short-cuts, even if supplementary oxygen is used in the final stages. The atmospheric pressure at the base camp is half of that at the sea level. A thorough program of acclimatization is built into the itinerary which consists of regulated height ascents, followed by descents and rests before the final ascent to the summit. This will prevent the climbers to get rid from altitude sickness.

WHAT KIND OF PERSONAL FIRST AID KIT SHOULD I CARRY?
Although our guides carry first aid medical kit, it is better to carry a supply of first aid items for your own personal use according to your health conditions. Here are the list of some general as well as some special medications you may require:

  • Antiseptic cream (Betadine).
  • Sunblock SPF 30+.
  • Throat lozenges
  • Painkillers and anti-inflammatory such as Aspirin, Paracetamol, Ibuprofen etc.
  • Band-aids, bandage, compression bandage and 'Second Skin' for blisters.
  • Re-hydration salts. (Trioral, Electrobin, Oral Rehydrating Salt)
  • Dextrose glucose tablets.
  • Water treatment tablets.
  • Your prescription medications
  • Antibiotics for longer climbing and expedition style trips

DOES HIGH ALTITUDE EFFECTS AND BENEFITS?
You will be affected by high altitude problems if it is your fist trip at a high altitude.The altitude has some important beneficial effects on the human body and your trips have been designed to enable these. Please familiarize yourself with the information on AMS (Acute Mountain Sickness) and understand how to avoid it and read on benefits of high altitude and take advantage of these to improve your body' metabolism.

WHAT IS ACUTE MOUNTAIN SICKNESS? (AMS) 
Altitude sickness is the reaction of the body adjusting to decreasing amounts of oxygen. The high altitude slowly decreases the flow of oxygen means the higher you climb, the flow of oxygen is very thin resulting the malfunction of body. 
Altitude sickness most commonly occurs from above 2,800 meters (9,200ft) but this is different for everyone - there is simply no way of knowing your own susceptibility prior to being at altitude thus it is vital for you to monitor your own health. AMS occurs when the body is unable to adopt at the higher altitude having less amount of oxygen. At an altitude of 5490m (18000 ft.), the oxygen availability becomes just the half of the availability at sea level. While only a third of oxygen is available at the summit of Mt. Everest. Symptoms may be mild and subside/go away after a day's rest, or if it is ignored it could lead to death.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF AMS? 
Symptoms can appear within 1-2 hours although most often appear 6-10 hours after ascent and generally subside in 1-2 days as the body adjusts to altitude. They may reappear as you continue to go higher. Symptoms of AMS usually occur gradually and can be one or a combination of the following:
•    Headache: Due to the less amount of oxygen in air, the blood influences the blood vessels to spread wide in order to supply more oxygen to the brain and which cause them to show the early symptom of AMS.
•    Dopiness: The trekkers or climbers feel very sleepy but could not. 
•    Shortness of breath: The breathing pattern changes as the breathing becomes faster and deeper than normal in order to get enough oxygen and rapid pulse
•    Loss of appetite and nausea: Despite of physical exercise, the trekkers don’t have an appetite to eat. They will feel as if they want to vomit.
•    Pins and Needles: Sensation of a limbs falling asleep.
•    Fatigue: Physical pressure while trekking the long hours followed by Insomnia shows the next symptom of AIMS which is fatigue.
•    Dizziness: A feeling of falling down, it is the early symptoms of AMS.
•    Malaise: Malaise is the feeling of being sick which is also one of the symptoms of AMS.
•    Swelling of hands, feet & face: Due to the accumulation of fluids, the tissues swell which is also one of the symptoms of AMS.

Symptoms associated with more severe Acute Mountain Sickness includes:
•    Cyanosis (alteration of skin color into bluish or purplish)
•    Chest tightness or congestion
•    Confusion
•    Coughing up blood
•    Decreased consciousness or withdrawal from social interaction
•    Grey or pale complexion
•    Inability to walk in a straight line, or to walk at all
•    Shortness of breath at rest
At high altitude, all people will experience some of the above symptoms in a mild form. If the body is unable to adjust to altitude these symptoms will persist and if they are left untreated, altitude sickness may progress to High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE) or High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE). Edema means simply fluid accumulation in your interstitial body tissues. Both HACE and HAPE can be fatal if ignored.

LIFE THREATENING FORMS OF AMS.

High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE)
If one accumulates of fluid in the lungs and mild fever then, there is a chance of High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE). The filling of fluid in the lungs is Pulmonary Edema. The fluid blocks the passage of fresh oxygen to get into the lungs which causes the shortage of oxygen. Though the exact reason for the HAPE has not been identified, scientists think that pressure of blood vessel around the lungs is directly proportional to the altitude. As a result the smaller blood vessels leak allowing the fluid to escape to the lungs. The treatment for the HAPE victims is to give the oxygen at the rate of 4 liters a minute, using Portable Altitude Chamber (PAC). In case of unavailability of PAC bag or oxygen, one is taken down to the low altitude which is the only way of life-saving. HAPE can also lead to unconsciousness which may also results to death in a short period of time.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF HAPE (fluid in the lungs)?
•    Breathlessness
•    A dry cough, developing to a wet one with blood-tinged discharge or saliva
•    Tightness in the chest & blueness/darkness of face, lips & tongue
•    Low fever up to 38°C/100°F
•    Severe fatigue, progressing to coma

High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE)
HACE is the accumulation of fluid in the brain due of the swollen blood vessels to the brain. HACE is also seen within a couple of hours and can send the patient to coma and take his/her life in just few hours likewise to HAPE. The excessive flow of blood to the brain due to the low-level oxygen causes vasodilation which eventually leads to leakage of blood vessels to the brain. A 4 to 8mg of dexamethasone is given as a first dose to those who suffer from such sickness and then 4mg Diamox is given an every six hours gap. Similarly, 2-4 liters/minute oxygen is given and one is taken to down if it is necessary.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF HACE (fluid in the brain)? 
•    Severe headache symptoms not relieved by painkillers or lying down
•    Confusion, disorientation & drowsiness
•    Nausea/vomiting
•    Loss of balance or coordination
•    Blurred or double vision/retinal hemorrhage

HOW TO PREVENT? 
Certain medical conditions (such as respiratory disease) or medications (such as sleeping pills) can increase the risk of altitude sickness - it is important that you inform your guide of any medical conditions or medications before ascending to altitude. You can help your body to acclimatize and avoid altitude sickness by:
•    Avoiding alcohol, tobacco and substances that can interfere with good delivery of oxygen to the body or cause dehydration
•    Eating small, frequent meals high in carbohydrates
•    Drinking plenty of water – the test of sufficient amount of water intake is ability to urinate colorless urine
•    Taking it easy or have a rest. Walk at a slower pace than you would at sea level and avoid over-exertion
•    Climb the mountain gradually and stop for a day or two of rest for every 600m/2000ft above 2,400m/8000ft
•    Climb high but Sleep at a lower altitude if possible
•    Learn how to recognize early symptoms of mountain sickness

WHAT IS THE TREATMENT? 
Most travelers are able to successfully acclimatize by following the previously mentioned guidelines. However, there are instances where medical treatment is required. Ultimately, the best treatment for acute mountain sickness (AMS) is to descend to a lower altitude and rest. Early diagnosis is important. Acute mountain sickness is easier to treat in the early stages. The guide will monitor you all the time for symptoms and will pace you appropriately to minimize your exposure to AMS.

Cooperating with the guide and reporting if any of the above-described symptoms are seen allows your guide to undertaking appropriate and timely action to minimize your exposure to AMS.  Sufficient time for acclimatization (After 3000 meters) is also another method to minimize AMS. Following precautions can be done in order to get rid of AMS:
•    Don’t ascent up rapidly.
•    Never use alcohol, sleeping pills and smoking.
•    Drink more fluid 3-4 liters a day, clean boiled water / tea / coffee / soup / juice etc.
•    Climb high and sleep low.
•    Don’t go trekking alone, take guide/porter.
•    Follow the advice from your guide, hotel, local people, guidebook.
•    Descent if mild symptoms rapidly getting worse.
•    Never leave or descent sick person along.
•    Avoid getting cold.
•    Take an easy and comfortable trekking route even if it is longer.
•    Sleep more than normal.

Your Guide will carry some medications in First Aid Kit and may suggest for medication such as Ibuprofen, Paracetamol, combination of them or specific AMS medication. Standard and effective medication for prevention of AMS is Acetazolamide (Diamox) and it may be given to help improve breathing and reduce mild symptoms. This drug can cause increased urination. Ensure you drink plenty of fluids and avoid alcohol when taking this drug.
With severe cases of AMS, our guide will contact our office in Kathmandu and arrange your evacuation by helicopter. Before we accept you on the trek we will require that you purchase health and travel insurance including helicopter rescue and hospitalization.

HOW DO WE HANDLE DURING THE CASE OF EMERGENCY?
You never know when the unexpected situation comes and put you in hearse condition.  So such cases you will be rescued by Helicopter. You are entirely liable for all the expenses incurred in evacuation. So, before coming to Nepal,please make your travel insurance. Ask your guide to arrange a runner to the nearest communication point and inform office about requirement of a helicopter. For evacuation, we require the name of the sick person and the exact location from where helicopter can airlift you. You should not leave the place after calling Helicopter for evacuation though you are feeling better than before.

HOW TO GET SAFE DRINKING WATER?
On the trek, there is a facility of purchasing safe drinking water in teahouses.It is better if you carry the water purifying pills on your own. On camping trek, the water will be treated with Potassium permanganate or Iodine. On the trail, water from the streams is safe to drink, but better not to use it directly for drinking.

DO WE BE SECURE DURING OUR JOURNEY?
Security and a safe journey is our core objective of trekking. Our guide holds licenses issued by the Nepal Government and our staffs are local, honest, kind and genuine. But we also insist you to take care of your own personal belongings. If you are on ‘camping trek’ please take your main bag inside the tent once you reach campsite and put all bags and belongings in the middle of the tent when you feel sleepy. Your guide assigns a Sherpa on turn wise basis to guard the campsite throughout the night. If you are on ‘Tea house arrangement, never leave your baggage unattended and keep your lodge room locked when you go out.

IS YOUR COMPANY GOVERNMENTALLY RECOGNISED?
Our company is not only governmentally recognize but also affiliated with several other national and international agencies related to tourism. Our Managing Director Mr. Surya Bahadur Ghimire has already performed Media and press coordinator role being the Executive Member for two years (2015-2017) in TAAN (TREKKING AGENCIES ASSOCIATION OF NEPAL), which is only an umbrella organization of all trekking agencies’ in Nepal. 
 

Why is Tipping essential?

There are several reasons why you should tip in Nepal. It is quite the same as for what you tip in restaurants. They live in remote areas that are far from proper health and education facilities. Tipping them will additionally encourage them to manage good and nutritive food to eat, warm and comfortable clothes to wear or other necessary basic requirements to maintain their livelihood in a comfortable way. A small gesture of gratitude will do no harm to you but actually changes the lives of many people for a long time in many reasons. Our company has its fund collected from the same percentage of profit and sometimes from the tips of our guests which will directly be invested for uplifting the economic condition of guides, porters and other staffs of office. It’s nothing more than the way to add smiles on those laborious faces.

 


Trip highlights

  • Considered one of the most difficult mountains in the world to climb
  • Explore One of the most Remote area in Himalaya
  • Fifth highest 8000m peak on earth
  • Scenic mountain flight to and from Tumlingtar

Why with us?

  • Your Safety Come first.
  • Great Value of Money
  • Responsible Tourism
  • Social Responsibility
  • Tailor-Made Program
  • Financial protection

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