Kanchenjunga Trek gives you a great chance to reach the base camp of world’s third tallest mountain, located in the far north-eastern corner of Nepal. This has been described by many people as one of the finest trekking routes in Nepal. This long trek hoes deep into the remote mountain ranges of Nepal’s border near the Sikkim and Tibet border. The name Kanchenjunga means ‘Five Treasures of The Great Snow’ which justifies the five summits that makeup Kanchenjunga. In 1979 British Mountaineer Pete Boardman described the journey to the base camp of Kanchenjunga as the most beautiful trek he had ever undertaken.
Although it was first climbed in 1955, It was not until 1980’s the restrictions were lifted off to allowing the adventure seekers to experience this wonderful trek. Being amongst the restricted zones special permits are required in order to trek here and cannot be issued without hiring a licensed Nepali guide also solo hiking is not permitted here. Kanchenjunga is regarded as a demanding trek due to its remoteness and high altitude. The peaks are visible from distance days before we even reach there, making the trek even more impressive and exciting. This is a long journey with less crowd, unique sights and insights into the rural Nepalese lifestyle of various communities from Rai and Limbus to Tibetan Buddhists of the eastern region of Nepal. Along with mesmerizing Himalayan sight, your trail will pass through rippled farmlands, meadows, forests of pink barked rhododendron also the local people are very welcoming and offer great hospitality. One of the famous drinks here is called Tongba, a warm millet beer served in a brass-decorated wooden pot with a straw. Kanchenjunga is an exceptionally mysterious trek with many stories concerning on Himalayan Yeti, the abdominal snowman is believed to be found in this region along with snow leopard, Musk deer, Red Panda, Red –Billed Blue Magpie, Himalayan Black Bear, and many more.
Our journey towards the Kanchenjunga Base Camp will start from Kathmandu to Suketar , Biratnagar by Domestic Airlines, then our trail ascends through different places like Mitlung (921 m), Chirwa(1270 m), Sukathum (1576 m), Amjilosa (2308 m), Gyabla (2730 m), Ghunsa (3595 m), Kambechen (4050 m), Lhonak (4780 m), and finally to Kanchenjunga Base Camp (5388 m). In this way we will end our memorable and daredevil trek of Kanchenjunga.
Day 1: Arrival in Kathmandu (1,350m/4,429ft)
Day 2: Kathmandu Sightseeing and Trek Preparation
Day 3: Fly from Kathmandu to Biratnagar (81 m/266 ft) 50 Mins and Drive to Phidim
Day 4: Drive to Suketar (1,179m3,868 ft)
Day 5: Trek from Suketar to Mitlung (921 m/3,021 ft) 4-5 hrs
Day 6: Mitlung to Chirwa (1,270 m/4166 ft) 5-6 hrs
Day 7: Trek from Chirwa to Sukathum (1,576 m/5,169 ft) 5-6 hrs
Day 8: Sukathum to Amjilosa (2,308m/7,570ft) 6-7 hrs
Day 9: Amjilosa to Gyabla (2,730 m /8,954 ft) 6-7 hrs
Day 10: Gyabla to Ghunsa (3,595 m/11,792 ft) 5-6 hrs
Day 11: Acclimatization day at Ghunsa
Day 12: Trek from Ghunsa to Kambachen (4,050 m/13,284 ft) 5-6 hrs
Day 13: Acclimatization Day at Kambachen
Day 14: Trek from Kambachen to Lhonak (4,780 m/15,678 ft) 6-7 hrs
Day 15: Trek to Pangpema/Kanchenjunga North Base Camp (5,388 m/17,673 ft) 6-7 hrs
Day 16: Trek back to Kambachen (4,050 m/13,284 ft) 6-7 hrs
Day 17: Trek from Kambachen to Ghunsa (3,595 m/11,792 ft) 3-4 hrs
Day 18: Trek from Ghunsa to Sele La (4,290 m/14,071 ft) 6-7 hrs
Day 19: Trek from Sele Le to Cheram (3,870 m/12,694 ft) 6-7 hrs
Day 20: Trek from Cheram to Ramche (4,580 m/15,022 ft) and return back to Cheram, 4-5 hrs
Day 21: Trek from Cheram to Tortong (2,995 m/9,824 ft) 5-6 hrs
Day 22: Trek from Tortong to Yamphudin (2,080 m/6,822 ft) 6-7 hrs
Day 23: Trek from Yamphudin to Yangpang (1,007 m/3,304 ft) 6-7 hrs
Day 24: Trek from Yangpang to Thorpu (1,500m/4,290 ft) 5-6 hrs
Day 25: Drive from Thorpu to Birtamod 5-6 hrs
Day 26: Drive from Birtamod to Bhadrapur (19 Km) then Fly to Kathmandu (45 mins)
Day 27: Departure from TIA
Welcome to the land of Himalaya. You will be warmly welcomed by the mountains and our company representative will be standing with your name card at the arrival terminal with a beautiful smile. You will be escorted to your hotel and you will be provided with all the detailed information about your program. Overnight stay at Hotel in Kathmandu.
Today you will be going for sightseeing around the world heritage sites in the Kathmandu valley including, Kathmandu Durbar square, Bouddhanath Temple and Pashupatinath Temple. In the evening you will meet your guide and the Great Nepal Team to discuss about your trip. Overnight stay at Hotel in Kathmandu.
Early in the morning, transfer to Domestic Airport to board your onward flight to Biratnagar which takes around 50 mins. Then drive toward Phidim. Overnight stay at Guesthouse in Phidim.
After breakfast, you will be driving to Suketar. Overnight stay at Guesthouse in Suketar.
We formally start the trek from 5th day with a downhill walk to Mitlung. The paths throughout the lower sections of the Kanchenjunga region labor under amazing valleys with stunning pastures and tiny villages. We have a tendency to then cross Hangdewa River and walk aboard the raging Tamor River. As we have a tendency to step by step head in an exceedingly northerly direction the path steepens once a couple of hours before a final descent of 350 meters on a muddy path to Mitlung. Overnight stay at Guesthouse/Tented Camp in Mitlung.
The path ascends and descends steady as we have to walk towards the village of Sinwa. We have to walk trek downhill till we have reach Tawa. At Tawa, we have to cross some heights and cross the bridge at Thiwa. We have to pass lovely rural landscape on the trail and reach Chirwa, an exquisite Limbu village with few lodges, tea retailers etc. Overnight stay at Guesthouse/Tented Camp in Chirwa.
After breakfast, start your trek to Sukatham. On the way you can experience varied landscapes like cardamom fields and dense forests. We tend to trek uphill for few hours then descend to the luxurious inexperienced fields below and continue trekking on the Tamor watercourse passing through a dense forest. It’s each uphill and downhill trek till crossing the Ghunsa watercourse.Overnight stay at Guesthouse/Tented Camp in Sukathum.
Early morning trek to Amjilosa is difficult full of adventure. Once crossing the bridge outside Sukathum we check in into a dense forest, ascend the steep path, descend and cross the stream once more. We will conjointly climb a gorge from the lowest and move Solima village and descend once more to the amount of the stream. All in all, this day’s trekking is quite robust. Therefore, it’s better to be terribly careful particularly whereas walking the path that passes the gorge. We tend to later follow a difficult path which works each uphill and downhill till reaching Amjilosa .Overnight stay at Guesthouse/Tented Camp in Amjilosa.
We begin trekking from the watercourse bank; withstand a dense forest of bamboo, fir and Rhododendrons eventuallyy reaching a little stone house by the watercourse. We will climb uphill crossing a number of tiny bridges on the manner. Here, we tend to get to get pleasure from the corporate of gorgeous waterfalls that originate from the mountains. One shorter uphill walk will take you to Tibetan settlement to Gyabla. Overnight stay at Guesthouse/Tented Camp in Gyabla.
We descend down the stream and spot the natural depression because it slowly releases before reaching Phale, a Tibetan expatriate settlement wherever it’s potential to get handicrafts and homespun rugs from locals. After buying souvenirs we will trek through conifer and pine forest and reach the Sherpa village of Ghunsa wherever will spend our night. Overnight stay at Guesthouse/Tented Camp in Ghunsa.
We pay attention to utilized time acclimatizing around Ghunsa before start our next day’s trek. We suggest you to remain active even in a very day of the week because it is healthier than being idle whereas on a trekking journey. Therefore, we tend to take a brief hike towards the Laspsan La religious residence through the plush inexperienced forest. come to Ghunsa by afternoon and relax. Overnight stay at Guesthouse/Tented Camp in Ghunsa.
After having a good time in Ghunsa we tend to trek towards north along stream bank experiencing the breathtaking views of mountain scenery all around. Continuing the journey we also get a chance to pass through an area full of lovely wildflowers, pine forests, bush and many more to explore. Then we continue to cross a bridge at Rampuk Kharka, overcoming the most difficult section of the landslide. Again after passing through that difficult section of landscape we can envision the magnificent views of Mt. Jannu. Further exploring the various sights and flavors of mountain trails we finally get to arrive at Kambachen to spend the night. Overnight stay at Guesthouse/Tented Camp in Kambachen.
We need to stay yet another day in Kambachen for acclimatization that will help us adjust to the gradual change in environment. The idea for stay is just to relax and explore the sights of area. Overnight stay at Guesthouse/Tented Camp in Kambachen.
After having a relaxing night at Kambachen it’s time to restart our trek at an early beginning, the route of trek goes through a difficult landscape containing hillsides and many rocky areas along with river bank and then crossing the bridge to Ramtang monastery. Then we pass through a landslide section at a gradual pace before descending to the watercourse and eventually inbound at Lhonak. Overnight stay at Guesthouse/Tented Camp in Lhonak.
We trek along to the north side towards Kanchenjunga ice mass and spend an evening at Pangpema where you can witness the gorgeous appearance of Jannu, Kanchenjunga and Chang Himal. During the trekking period we need to be careful around the rockier sections as they are at higher risk’s of landslides. Overnight stay at Guesthouse/Tented Camp in Pangpema.
We go back over Lhonak and continue our foot-steps towards Ramtang Religious Residence. During this journey, we get to explore a distinct perspective of mountains including Mt Kanchenjunga, Tapleshikar, Mera Peak and many others. Due to the downward nature of the route we will reach Kambachen by evening. Overnight stay at Guesthouse/Tented Camp in Kambachen.
It basically the contrary of our 12th Day trek. The routes starts from Kambachen descending towards Ghunsa where we get to relish the background scenery of eye-pleasing mountains along with beautiful forests. Overnight stay at Guesthouse/Tented Camp in Ghunsa.
It’s a high raising trek from Ghunsa towards Sele-La (4,290 m/14,071 ft). After arrival at Sele-Lea we ascend through a dense grove of moss, Rhododendron and coniferous plants. Overnight stay at Guesthouse/Tented Camp in Sele La.
We do an ascending trek where we get to see the fascinating south view of MT Makalu (6th highest mountain of the world) and Jannu Himal. Today the trekking will be a bit tough as we tend to cross many passes( Mirgin La, Sinion La and Sinelapche Bhanjyang) and then following a descend route towards Cheram. Overnight stay at Guesthouse/Tented Camp in Cheram.
We ascend towards the Yalung Glacier moving in the constant direction to Simbuwa undergo Lapsang village and finally reach Ramche. Then we walk more up the valley for an incredible sight of blue sheeps. We again climb on the moraine top crossing the stream until confronted by southern face of Mt Kanchengunga. We add a walk ahead to get a glimpse of Jannu Himal and even try continuing towards Oktang Monastery (as per your consult). Walk back and Overnight stay at Guesthouse/Tented Camp in Cheram.
Today we trek towards Tortong, where we get to face two trails, one already being followed while descending down to Sele le. Despite that, we ignore the route and walk further down to the track alongside a stream bank known as( Simbuwa Khola). The lush rhododendron forest along the way never fails to mesmerize it’s visitors. Overnight stay at Guesthouse/Tented Camp in Tortong.
We climb down towards Yamphudin from Tortong passing through Lasiya Bhanjyaang. The route involves many trees on it’s way with the area prone to landslide. The parcel of land changes once each monsoon however by the middle of October it ought to be stable with a route through. Moreover walking down we finally reach the village of Yamphudin mostly colonized by Sherpas and Limbus. Overnight stay at Guesthouse/Tented Camp in Yamphudin.
We will have a descend trek from Yamphudin, crossing bridge at Samekham , continue the walk following the Kabeli Khola and undergo Mamankhe that holds Cultural center and Limbu Museum. Continuing our journey we again cross the bridge over Khaksewa Khola passing through the dense forest and few village and heading towards Yangpang. Overnight stay at Guesthouse/Tented Camp in Yangpang.
As a replacement to Taplejung we trek down to Thorpu, passing through some really stunning terraced village where the people are terribly interested to welcome you. By choosing Thorpu we will get to relish the landscape of a divergent route. We spend the night at thorpu relax and explore it’s sights. Overnight stay at Guesthouse/Tented Camp in Thorpu.
We take a drive from Thorpu to Birtamod located in Eastern Nepal. The temperature gets hotter as we head towards the city of Birtamod. The landscapes are totally different than those of Mountains and hills. We can find several high standard accommodation facilities in the town. Overnight stay at Hotel in Birtamod.
Today we take a short drive from Britamod to Bhadrapur Airport and then fly back to Kathmandu. Upon arrival at Kathmandu transfer to Hotel. Later in the evening, a farewell dinner will be served in a Traditional Nepali Restaurant where you will be able to enjoy authentic cuisine with a brief cultural program as a celebration of your completed trek. Overnight stay at Hotel in Kathmandu.
Sadly your most memorable journey ends today. A Great Nepal representative will escort you to the airport 3 hours before your scheduled flight. On your way home you have plenty of time to think about your recent adventure and to plan your next wonderful adventure in Nepal.
To enable all expedition members to acclimatize well and hence maximize their chances of success, our expedition programs are prepared with sufficient time for acclimatization. Adaptation to the altitude takes time and there can be no short-cuts, even if supplementary oxygen is used in the final stages. The atmospheric pressure at the base camp is half of that at the sea level. A thorough program of acclimatization is built into the itinerary which consists of regulated height ascents, followed by descents and rests before the final ascent to the summit. This will prevent the climbers to get rid from altitude sickness.
WHAT KIND OF PERSONAL FIRST AID KIT SHOULD I CARRY?
Although our guides carry first aid medical kit, it is better to carry a supply of first aid items for your own personal use according to your health conditions. Here are the list of some general as well as some special medications you may require:
DOES HIGH ALTITUDE EFFECTS AND BENEFITS?
You will be affected by high altitude problems if it is your fist trip at a high altitude. The altitude has some important beneficial effects on the human body and your trips have been designed to enable these. Please familiarize yourself with the information on AMS (Acute Mountain Sickness) and understand how to avoid it and read on benefits of high altitude and take advantage of these to improve your body' metabolism.
WHAT IS ACUTE MOUNTAIN SICKNESS? (AMS)
Altitude sickness is the reaction of the body adjusting to decreasing amounts of oxygen. The high altitude slowly decreases the flow of oxygen means the higher you climb, the flow of oxygen is very thin resulting the malfunction of body. Altitude sickness most commonly occurs from above 2,800 meters (9,200ft) but this is different for everyone - there is simply no way of knowing your own susceptibility prior to being at altitude thus it is vital for you to monitor your own health. AMS occurs when the body is unable to adopt at the higher altitude having less amount of oxygen. At an altitude of 5490m (18000 ft.), the oxygen availability becomes just the half of the availability at sea level. While only a third of oxygen is available at the summit of Mt. Everest. Symptoms may be mild and subside/go away after a day's rest, or if it is ignored it could lead to death.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF AMS?
Symptoms can appear within 1-2 hours although most often appear 6-10 hours after ascent and generally subside in 1-2 days as the body adjusts to altitude. They may reappear as you continue to go higher. Symptoms of AMS usually occur gradually and can be one or a combination of the following:
• Headache: Due to the less amount of oxygen in air, the blood influences the blood vessels to spread wide in order to supply more oxygen to the brain and which cause them to show the early symptom of AMS.
• Dopiness: The trekkers or climbers feel very sleepy but could not.
• Shortness of breath: The breathing pattern changes as the breathing becomes faster and deeper than normal in order to get enough oxygen and rapid pulse
• Loss of appetite and nausea: Despite of physical exercise, the trekkers don’t have an appetite to eat. They will feel as if they want to vomit.
• Pins and Needles: Sensation of a limbs falling asleep.
• Fatigue: Physical pressure while trekking the long hours followed by Insomnia shows the next symptom of AIMS which is fatigue.
• Dizziness: A feeling of falling down, it is the early symptoms of AMS.
• Malaise: Malaise is the feeling of being sick which is also one of the symptoms of AMS.
• Swelling of hands, feet & face: Due to the accumulation of fluids, the tissues swell which is also one of the symptoms of AMS.
Symptoms associated with more severe Acute Mountain Sickness includes:
• Cyanosis (alteration of skin color into bluish or purplish)
• Chest tightness or congestion
• Coughing up blood
• Decreased consciousness or withdrawal from social interaction
• Grey or pale complexion
• Inability to walk in a straight line, or to walk at all
• Shortness of breath at rest
At high altitude, all people will experience some of the above symptoms in a mild form. If the body is unable to adjust to altitude these symptoms will persist and if they are left untreated, altitude sickness may progress to High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE) or High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE). Edema means simply fluid accumulation in your interstitial body tissues. Both HACE and HAPE can be fatal if ignored.
LIFE THREATENING FORMS OF AMS.
High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE)
If one accumulates of fluid in the lungs and mild fever then, there is a chance of High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE). The filling of fluid in the lungs is Pulmonary Edema. The fluid blocks the passage of fresh oxygen to get into the lungs which causes the shortage of oxygen. Though the exact reason for the HAPE has not been identified, scientists think that pressure of blood vessel around the lungs is directly proportional to the altitude. As a result the smaller blood vessels leak allowing the fluid to escape to the lungs. The treatment for the HAPE victims is to give the oxygen at the rate of 4 liters a minute, using Portable Altitude Chamber (PAC). In case of unavailability of PAC bag or oxygen, one is taken down to the low altitude which is the only way of life-saving. HAPE can also lead to unconsciousness which may also results to death in a short period of time.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF HAPE (fluid in the lungs)?
• A dry cough, developing to a wet one with blood-tinged discharge or saliva
• Tightness in the chest & blueness/darkness of face, lips & tongue
• Low fever up to 38°C/100°F
• Severe fatigue, progressing to coma
High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE)
HACE is the accumulation of fluid in the brain due of the swollen blood vessels to the brain. HACE is also seen within a couple of hours and can send the patient to coma and take his/her life in just few hours likewise to HAPE. The excessive flow of blood to the brain due to the low-level oxygen causes vasodilation which eventually leads to leakage of blood vessels to the brain. A 4 to 8mg of dexamethasone is given as a first dose to those who suffer from such sickness and then 4mg Diamox is given an every six hours gap. Similarly, 2-4 liters/minute oxygen is given and one is taken to down if it is necessary.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF HACE (fluid in the brain)?
• Severe headache symptoms not relieved by painkillers or lying down
• Confusion, disorientation & drowsiness
• Loss of balance or coordination
• Blurred or double vision/retinal hemorrhage
HOW TO PREVENT?
Certain medical conditions (such as respiratory disease) or medications (such as sleeping pills) can increase the risk of altitude sickness - it is important that you inform your guide of any medical conditions or medications before ascending to altitude. You can help your body to acclimatize and avoid altitude sickness by:
• Avoiding alcohol, tobacco and substances that can interfere with good delivery of oxygen to the body or cause dehydration
• Eating small, frequent meals high in carbohydrates
• Drinking plenty of water – the test of sufficient amount of water intake is ability to urinate colorless urine
• Taking it easy or have a rest. Walk at a slower pace than you would at sea level and avoid over-exertion
• Climb the mountain gradually and stop for a day or two of rest for every 600m/2000ft above 2,400m/8000ft
• Climb high but Sleep at a lower altitude if possible
• Learn how to recognize early symptoms of mountain sickness
WHAT IS THE TREATMENT?
Most travelers are able to successfully acclimatize by following the previously mentioned guidelines. However, there are instances where medical treatment is required. Ultimately, the best treatment for acute mountain sickness (AMS) is to descend to a lower altitude and rest. Early diagnosis is important. Acute mountain sickness is easier to treat in the early stages. The guide will monitor you all the time for symptoms and will pace you appropriately to minimize your exposure to AMS.
Cooperating with the guide and reporting if any of the above-described symptoms are seen allows your guide to undertaking appropriate and timely action to minimize your exposure to AMS. Sufficient time for acclimatization (After 3000 meters) is also another method to minimize AMS. Following precautions can be done in order to get rid of AMS:
• Don’t ascent up rapidly.
• Never use alcohol, sleeping pills and smoking.
• Drink more fluid 3-4 liters a day, clean boiled water / tea / coffee / soup / juice etc.
• Climb high and sleep low.
• Don’t go trekking alone, take guide/porter.
• Follow the advice from your guide, hotel, local people, guidebook.
• Descent if mild symptoms rapidly getting worse.
• Never leave or descent sick person along.
• Avoid getting cold.
• Take an easy and comfortable trekking route even if it is longer.
• Sleep more than normal.
Your Guide will carry some medications in First Aid Kit and may suggest for medication such as Ibuprofen, Paracetamol, combination of them or specific AMS medication. Standard and effective medication for prevention of AMS is Acetazolamide (Diamox) and it may be given to help improve breathing and reduce mild symptoms. This drug can cause increased urination. Ensure you drink plenty of fluids and avoid alcohol when taking this drug.
With severe cases of AMS, our guide will contact our office in Kathmandu and arrange your evacuation by helicopter. Before we accept you on the trek we will require that you purchase health and travel insurance including helicopter rescue and hospitalization.
HOW DO WE HANDLE DURING THE CASE OF EMERGENCY?
You never know when the unexpected situation comes and put you in hearse condition. So such cases you will be rescued by Helicopter. You are entirely liable for all the expenses incurred in evacuation. So, before coming to Nepal, please make your travel insurance. Ask your guide to arrange a runner to the nearest communication point and inform office about requirement of a helicopter. For evacuation, we require the name of the sick person and the exact location from where helicopter can airlift you. You should not leave the place after calling Helicopter for evacuation though you are feeling better than before.
HOW TO GET SAFE DRINKING WATER?
On the trek, there is a facility of purchasing safe drinking water in teahouses.It is better if you carry the water purifying pills on your own. On camping trek, the water will be treated with Potassium permanganate or Iodine. On the trail, water from the streams is safe to drink, but better not to use it directly for drinking.
DO WE BE SECURE DURING OUR JOURNEY?
Security and a safe journey is our core objective of trekking. Our guide holds licenses issued by the Nepal Government and our staffs are local, honest, kind and genuine. But we also insist you to take care of your own personal belongings. If you are on ‘camping trek’ please take your main bag inside the tent once you reach campsite and put all bags and belongings in the middle of the tent when you feel sleepy. Your guide assigns a Sherpa on turn wise basis to guard the campsite throughout the night. If you are on ‘Tea house arrangement, never leave your baggage unattended and keep your lodge room locked when you go out.
IS YOUR COMPANY GOVERNMENTALLY RECOGNISED?
Our company is not only governmentally recognize but also affiliated with several other national and international agencies related to tourism. Our Managing Director Mr. Surya Bahadur Ghimire has already performed Media and press coordinator role being the Executive Member for two years (2015-2017) in TAAN (TREKKING AGENCIES ASSOCIATION OF NEPAL), which is only an umbrella organization of all trekking agencies’ in Nepal.
Why is Tipping essential?
There are several reasons why you should tip in Nepal. It is quite the same as for what you tip in restaurants. They live in remote areas that are far from proper health and education facilities. Tipping them will additionally encourage them to manage good and nutritive food to eat, warm and comfortable clothes to wear or other necessary basic requirements to maintain their livelihood in a comfortable way. A small gesture of gratitude will do no harm to you but actually changes the lives of many people for a long time in many reasons. Our company has its fund collected from the same percentage of profit and sometimes from the tips of our guests which will directly be invested for uplifting the economic condition of guides, porters and other staffs of office. It’s nothing more than the way to add smiles on those laborious faces.