Everest Base Camp Trek is one of the most popular trekking destinations in the whole world. The trekking itinerary offers extraordinary views of some of the highest peaks of the whole world. This hiking itinerary is not only an opportunity to enjoy the adventure and excitement but also the chance to experience the localities of the Khumbu Region.
The trekking trip starts from a short scenic flight to a small airport of Lukla, also known as Tenzing Hillary Airport. This flight offers you the first views of the high peaks of the Everest Mountain Ranges. From Lukla, you will start your journey to arrive at the base of Everest through the Sagarmatha National Park trails which starts from the village of Monjo.
Apart from the climb to the Everest Base Camp, you will also summit the 5545 meters' high peak of Kala Patthar. The peak offers extraordinary views of the Everest and other high peaks. Besides that, explore one of the oldest monasteries of the Khumbu Region, the Tengboche Monastery.
Colorful prayer flags, inscribed-mani walls, antique monasteries, and not to mention the royal snowcapped peaks, make this trekking trip one of the greatest. One of the villages called Namche Bazaar will be of a peak interest for you as the village is used as a major trading hub by the Sherpas of the region.
Explore the sub-tropical to alpine vegetation and the like-wildlife inside the Sagarmatha National Park. Get close views of the high peaks of the Mount Everest and such other peaks like Lhotse, Nuptse, Changtse, and so on. Enjoy your time in the Khumbu Region.
Day 01: Arrive in Kathmandu (1350m/4429ft)
Day 02: Flight to Lukla and trek to Phakding (2,652m/8,700ft) 3 hrs
Day 03: Trek to Namche Bazaar (3440 m/11,280 ft) 6 hrs
Day 04: Trek to Tengboche (3,870m/12,694ft) 5 hrs
Day 05: Trek to Dingboche (4,360 m/14,300 ft) 5 hrs
Day 06: Rest day in Dingboche for acclimatization
Day 07: Trek to Lobuche (4940 m/16,207 ft) 6-7 hrs
Day 08: Lobuche to Gorakshep (5170 m/16,961ft) - EBC (5364 m/17,594 ft) - Gorakshep 8-9 hrs
Day 09: Gorakshep to Kala Patthar (5545m/18,192ft) to Pheriche (4280 m/14,070 ft) 5-6 hrs
Day 10: Trek to Namche Bazar (3440m/11,280 ft) 6-7 hrs
Day 11: Retrace your trial back to Lukla (2,800m/9,186ft) 6-7 hrs
Day 12: Fly Lukla to Kathmandu
Day 13: Final Departure
You will be welcomed by a Great Nepal Representative at the airport. From there, you will be transferred to the hotel. Freshen up and meet the representatives once again to get the brief about the trekking itinerary. In your free time, you can stroll around the capital city of Kathmandu. Overnight in a hotel in Kathmandu.
Early morning, you will be transferred to the Tribhuvan Airport to board your flight to the Tenzing Hilary Airport, Lukla. After a wonderful scenic flight of 30 minutes, you will be at the outskirts of Lukla. Enjoy your first breakfast at a Nepalese rural land, then begin the trek towards the village of Phakding. Along the Dudh Koshi River and on easy trail you walk to arrive at Phakding. Overnight in a tea house in Phakding.
Today, the trail moves along the Dudh Koshi once more. While hiking up, you will be amazed at the Himalayan Pine, Cedar, and Deodar forests. Go through the entrance of the Sagarmatha National Park at the Monjo Village and start an uphill climb to the Namche Bazaar. The Bazaar is the major tourist hub of the Khumbu Region. Along the way, you will get the first glimpses of Mt. Everest, Kusum Kanguru, and Thamserku peaks. If you are an art lover, you should visit the Benkar Village. The village is famous for its Thangkas of Buddhist deities. Also, explore the Granite stones carved with Tibetan chanting along Jorsalle. Overnight in a tea house in Namche.
On the fourth day of the trek, you will walk for a total of 5 hours from Namche to spring on to the Tengboche village. The village is home to the biggest Buddhist monastery of the region. The Tengboche village is a small traditional Sherpa village in the Khumbu Region. The village offers views of the Everest and such other peaks like Lhotse and Nuptse. Today, along the way, we will see the Everest, Nuptse, Lhotse and the Thamserku peaks. Also, enjoy the opportunity to see the wildlife such as the pheasants, musk deer and Himalayan Thar. Overnight in a tea house in Tengboche.
Today you will get the chance to spot several Chortens and Mani walls on the way to Dingboche, where you can also relax for your minor health issues. Similarly, a delicious lunch that will simply blow you away, will be served to you. The feature of the walk today is a close-up view of Mt. Ama Dablam, the Lobuche River, and a beautiful vista of fields. Walk through the Rhododendron Forests and a suspension bridge over Imja Khola passing several Sherpa villages. You will realize the changes in geography from lush forest to dry deserted mountains until you reach Dingboche. Overnight in a tea house in Dingboche.
You will have a full day to rest or explore around the valleys of Chhukung and Imja Khola. This particular area links with the high passes of Amphu Laptsa and Makalu Barun National Park. Overnight in a tea house in Dingboche.
Today, you will be accompanied by mountain vistas and snow capped peaks all along the trek. Enjoy the magnificent views of the mountains Pumori, Nuptse, Cholatse, Thamserku and several other peaks. Keep your heads high as you might encounter some scarce wildlife and vegetation along the way. In the start of our trek, you will have green hills and rocks assisting you. But, as you move up, you will be surrounded by icy fields. As you hike uphill, you will feel the depreciation in oxygen levels. Lobuche is a small village that connects the other villages to the Everest Base Camp. Overnight in a tea house in Lobuche.
A trail through the snowy and rocky path. The trails will take you to the Thangma Riju for a 360-degree view of the mountains. There, you will have the first views of the 5545 meters high Kala Patthar. Gorakshep is the last settlement before hiking up to the Everest Base Camp. Leave all of your belongings on the tea house and hike up to make it to the base of the highest peak of the world. Enjoy the views of the Khumbu Glacier and the surrounding peaks of Pumori, Lingren, Khumbutse, and such other peaks. EBC is full of rocks and icy dust. Hike back downhill to end the day at Gorakshep. Overnight in a tea house in Gorakshep.
Early this morning, you will summit the high Kala Patthar. The peak offers a panoramic sunrise view of the Mt. Everest. Besides the Everest, it also has 360-degree views of the Nuptse, Cholatse, Pumori, and several other peaks. Enjoy the views of 4 of the world’s highest peaks. After soaking in the views, head down towards Gorakshep. After breakfast, you will again descend back to the village of Periche. Overnight in a tea house in Periche.
Today’s trek will take you through magnificent Rhododendron and juniper forest back to the village consisting the oldest monastery around the region. Along the trail, you may see mountain goats, snow leopards, colorful pheasants, and several other animals. Explore the Gompa at Tengboche. Walk back down the same trail to reach Namche Bazaar. Get accompanied by the magnificent mountain views and the Rhododendron forest. Also, have views of the Everest, Nuptse, Thamserku, and other peaks. Enjoy the rest of the day wandering around the trade hub of the Sherpa people. Overnight in a tea house in Namche Bazaar.
Today you will descend from the Bazaar back to the entry point of the Khumbu Region. Retrace your trail back to the entry point of the Sagarmatha National Park at Monjo. From there, cross several suspension bridges over the Dudh Koshi and its tributaries. Also, you will get a chance to enjoy and explore the Sherpa lifestyle and culture. Overnight in a tea house in Lukla.
You will be boarding the flight back to the Kathmandu Valley through the Tenzing and Hilary Airport. Enjoy your last meal at the rural land of the country and then board the plane to Kathmandu. Spend your free time shopping for souvenirs and wander around the tourist center of the Kathmandu Valley. You can also visit the spas and natural therapy centers for relaxation. Overnight in a hotel in Kathmandu.
Your Trip to Nepal ends. A Great Nepal representative will guide you to the airport some 3 hours before the flight. Have a safe journey ahead.
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To enable all expedition members to acclimatize well and hence maximize their chances of success, our expedition programs are prepared with sufficient time for acclimatization. Adaptation to the altitude takes time and there can be no short-cuts, even if supplementary oxygen is used in the final stages. The atmospheric pressure at the base camp is half of that at the sea level. A thorough program of acclimatization is built into the itinerary which consists of regulated height ascents, followed by descents and rests before the final ascent to the summit. This will prevent the climbers to get rid from altitude sickness.
WHAT KIND OF PERSONAL FIRST AID KIT SHOULD I CARRY?
Although our guides carry first aid medical kit, it is better to carry a supply of first aid items for your own personal use according to your health conditions. Here are the list of some general as well as some special medications you may require:
DOES HIGH ALTITUDE EFFECTS AND BENEFITS?
You will be affected by high altitude problems if it is your fist trip at a high altitude. The altitude has some important beneficial effects on the human body and your trips have been designed to enable these. Please familiarize yourself with the information on AMS (Acute Mountain Sickness) and understand how to avoid it and read on benefits of high altitude and take advantage of these to improve your body' metabolism.
WHAT IS ACUTE MOUNTAIN SICKNESS? (AMS)
Altitude sickness is the reaction of the body adjusting to decreasing amounts of oxygen. The high altitude slowly decreases the flow of oxygen means the higher you climb, the flow of oxygen is very thin resulting the malfunction of body. Altitude sickness most commonly occurs from above 2,800 meters (9,200ft) but this is different for everyone - there is simply no way of knowing your own susceptibility prior to being at altitude thus it is vital for you to monitor your own health. AMS occurs when the body is unable to adopt at the higher altitude having less amount of oxygen. At an altitude of 5490m (18000 ft.), the oxygen availability becomes just the half of the availability at sea level. While only a third of oxygen is available at the summit of Mt. Everest. Symptoms may be mild and subside/go away after a day's rest, or if it is ignored it could lead to death.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF AMS?
Symptoms can appear within 1-2 hours although most often appear 6-10 hours after ascent and generally subside in 1-2 days as the body adjusts to altitude. They may reappear as you continue to go higher. Symptoms of AMS usually occur gradually and can be one or a combination of the following:
• Headache: Due to the less amount of oxygen in air, the blood influences the blood vessels to spread wide in order to supply more oxygen to the brain and which cause them to show the early symptom of AMS.
• Dopiness: The trekkers or climbers feel very sleepy but could not.
• Shortness of breath: The breathing pattern changes as the breathing becomes faster and deeper than normal in order to get enough oxygen and rapid pulse
• Loss of appetite and nausea: Despite of physical exercise, the trekkers don’t have an appetite to eat. They will feel as if they want to vomit.
• Pins and Needles: Sensation of a limbs falling asleep.
• Fatigue: Physical pressure while trekking the long hours followed by Insomnia shows the next symptom of AIMS which is fatigue.
• Dizziness: A feeling of falling down, it is the early symptoms of AMS.
• Malaise: Malaise is the feeling of being sick which is also one of the symptoms of AMS.
• Swelling of hands, feet & face: Due to the accumulation of fluids, the tissues swell which is also one of the symptoms of AMS.
Symptoms associated with more severe Acute Mountain Sickness includes:
• Cyanosis (alteration of skin color into bluish or purplish)
• Chest tightness or congestion
• Coughing up blood
• Decreased consciousness or withdrawal from social interaction
• Grey or pale complexion
• Inability to walk in a straight line, or to walk at all
• Shortness of breath at rest
At high altitude, all people will experience some of the above symptoms in a mild form. If the body is unable to adjust to altitude these symptoms will persist and if they are left untreated, altitude sickness may progress to High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE) or High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE). Edema means simply fluid accumulation in your interstitial body tissues. Both HACE and HAPE can be fatal if ignored.
LIFE THREATENING FORMS OF AMS.
High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE)
If one accumulates of fluid in the lungs and mild fever then, there is a chance of High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE). The filling of fluid in the lungs is Pulmonary Edema. The fluid blocks the passage of fresh oxygen to get into the lungs which causes the shortage of oxygen. Though the exact reason for the HAPE has not been identified, scientists think that pressure of blood vessel around the lungs is directly proportional to the altitude. As a result the smaller blood vessels leak allowing the fluid to escape to the lungs. The treatment for the HAPE victims is to give the oxygen at the rate of 4 liters a minute, using Portable Altitude Chamber (PAC). In case of unavailability of PAC bag or oxygen, one is taken down to the low altitude which is the only way of life-saving. HAPE can also lead to unconsciousness which may also results to death in a short period of time.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF HAPE (fluid in the lungs)?
• A dry cough, developing to a wet one with blood-tinged discharge or saliva
• Tightness in the chest & blueness/darkness of face, lips & tongue
• Low fever up to 38°C/100°F
• Severe fatigue, progressing to coma
High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE)
HACE is the accumulation of fluid in the brain due of the swollen blood vessels to the brain. HACE is also seen within a couple of hours and can send the patient to coma and take his/her life in just few hours likewise to HAPE. The excessive flow of blood to the brain due to the low-level oxygen causes vasodilation which eventually leads to leakage of blood vessels to the brain. A 4 to 8mg of dexamethasone is given as a first dose to those who suffer from such sickness and then 4mg Diamox is given an every six hours gap. Similarly, 2-4 liters/minute oxygen is given and one is taken to down if it is necessary.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF HACE (fluid in the brain)?
• Severe headache symptoms not relieved by painkillers or lying down
• Confusion, disorientation & drowsiness
• Loss of balance or coordination
• Blurred or double vision/retinal hemorrhage
HOW TO PREVENT?
Certain medical conditions (such as respiratory disease) or medications (such as sleeping pills) can increase the risk of altitude sickness - it is important that you inform your guide of any medical conditions or medications before ascending to altitude. You can help your body to acclimatize and avoid altitude sickness by:
• Avoiding alcohol, tobacco and substances that can interfere with good delivery of oxygen to the body or cause dehydration
• Eating small, frequent meals high in carbohydrates
• Drinking plenty of water – the test of sufficient amount of water intake is ability to urinate colorless urine
• Taking it easy or have a rest. Walk at a slower pace than you would at sea level and avoid over-exertion
• Climb the mountain gradually and stop for a day or two of rest for every 600m/2000ft above 2,400m/8000ft
• Climb high but Sleep at a lower altitude if possible
• Learn how to recognize early symptoms of mountain sickness
WHAT IS THE TREATMENT?
Most travelers are able to successfully acclimatize by following the previously mentioned guidelines. However, there are instances where medical treatment is required. Ultimately, the best treatment for acute mountain sickness (AMS) is to descend to a lower altitude and rest. Early diagnosis is important. Acute mountain sickness is easier to treat in the early stages. The guide will monitor you all the time for symptoms and will pace you appropriately to minimize your exposure to AMS.
Cooperating with the guide and reporting if any of the above-described symptoms are seen allows your guide to undertaking appropriate and timely action to minimize your exposure to AMS. Sufficient time for acclimatization (After 3000 meters) is also another method to minimize AMS. Following precautions can be done in order to get rid of AMS:
• Don’t ascent up rapidly.
• Never use alcohol, sleeping pills and smoking.
• Drink more fluid 3-4 liters a day, clean boiled water / tea / coffee / soup / juice etc.
• Climb high and sleep low.
• Don’t go trekking alone, take guide/porter.
• Follow the advice from your guide, hotel, local people, guidebook.
• Descent if mild symptoms rapidly getting worse.
• Never leave or descent sick person along.
• Avoid getting cold.
• Take an easy and comfortable trekking route even if it is longer.
• Sleep more than normal.
Your Guide will carry some medications in First Aid Kit and may suggest for medication such as Ibuprofen, Paracetamol, combination of them or specific AMS medication. Standard and effective medication for prevention of AMS is Acetazolamide (Diamox) and it may be given to help improve breathing and reduce mild symptoms. This drug can cause increased urination. Ensure you drink plenty of fluids and avoid alcohol when taking this drug.
With severe cases of AMS, our guide will contact our office in Kathmandu and arrange your evacuation by helicopter. Before we accept you on the trek we will require that you purchase health and travel insurance including helicopter rescue and hospitalization.
HOW DO WE HANDLE DURING THE CASE OF EMERGENCY?
You never know when the unexpected situation comes and put you in hearse condition. So such cases you will be rescued by Helicopter. You are entirely liable for all the expenses incurred in evacuation. So, before coming to Nepal, please make your travel insurance. Ask your guide to arrange a runner to the nearest communication point and inform office about requirement of a helicopter. For evacuation, we require the name of the sick person and the exact location from where helicopter can airlift you. You should not leave the place after calling Helicopter for evacuation though you are feeling better than before.
HOW TO GET SAFE DRINKING WATER?
On the trek, there is a facility of purchasing safe drinking water in teahouses.It is better if you carry the water purifying pills on your own. On camping trek, the water will be treated with Potassium permanganate or Iodine. On the trail, water from the streams is safe to drink, but better not to use it directly for drinking.
DO WE BE SECURE DURING OUR JOURNEY?
Security and a safe journey is our core objective of trekking. Our guide holds licenses issued by the Nepal Government and our staffs are local, honest, kind and genuine. But we also insist you to take care of your own personal belongings. If you are on ‘camping trek’ please take your main bag inside the tent once you reach campsite and put all bags and belongings in the middle of the tent when you feel sleepy. Your guide assigns a Sherpa on turn wise basis to guard the campsite throughout the night. If you are on ‘Tea house arrangement, never leave your baggage unattended and keep your lodge room locked when you go out.
IS YOUR COMPANY GOVERNMENTALLY RECOGNISED?
Our company is not only governmentally recognize but also affiliated with several other national and international agencies related to tourism. Our Managing Director Mr. Surya Bahadur Ghimire has already performed Media and press coordinator role being the Executive Member for two years (2015-2017) in TAAN (TREKKING AGENCIES ASSOCIATION OF NEPAL), which is only an umbrella organization of all trekking agencies’ in Nepal.
Why is Tipping essential?
There are several reasons why you should tip in Nepal. It is quite the same as for what you tip in restaurants. They live in remote areas that are far from proper health and education facilities. Tipping them will additionally encourage them to manage good and nutritive food to eat, warm and comfortable clothes to wear or other necessary basic requirements to maintain their livelihood in a comfortable way. A small gesture of gratitude will do no harm to you but actually changes the lives of many people for a long time in many reasons. Our company has its fund collected from the same percentage of profit and sometimes from the tips of our guests which will directly be invested for uplifting the economic condition of guides, porters and other staffs of office. It’s nothing more than the way to add smiles on those laborious faces.