Nar Phu Valley is the least visited trekking area which combines remote villages of Nar and Phu, narrow canyons, lovely forests, amazing rock formations, yaks, Monasteries, Kang La Pass and unique Himalayan cultures. The trek includes crossing of the challenging high passes like Masokanto La (5099m), Kangla Pass (5200m), Thorong La (5335m) & Tilicho Pass (5230m) with view of beautiful Lake Tilicho.
The route offers magnificent grand panoramas of the Annapurna massif and medieval Tibetan culture. It used to be a trade route with Tibet after the Nepalese government closed the border. Yarsa Gumba, the collection of valuable herbs, yak herding and souvenir trading are the occupations most of the people relay during the winter.
Welcome to the land of Himalaya at 1333m. You will be warmly welcomed by the mountains and our company representative will be standing with your name card at the arrival terminal with a beautiful smile. You will be escorted to your hotel and will be provided all the details information about your program. Overnight stay at Hotel in Kathmandu.
Today day you will have a full day sightseeing tour of Kathmandu City consists of Kathmandu Durbar Square (City of Temple), Swoyambhunath (Monkey temple) and Patan City (City of fine arts). Kathmandu Durbar Square is a complex of palaces, courtyards and temples like Hanuman Dhoka Palace, Kumari Ghar (Abode of the Living Goddess), Taleju temple, built between the 12th and 18th centuries, used to be the seat of the ancient Malla Kings of Kathmandu. The Great Stupa of Swayambhunath stands on a hill to the west of Kathmandu. Its name means "The Self-created, Self-existent Buddha" also known as Monkey temple. Patan City is noted for its craftsmen and metal workers. The diversity of the Medieval culture that allowed both Hinduism and Buddhism to flourish has left a rich legacy of impressive sightseeing in this city for today's visitors. Overnight stay at Hotel in Kathmandu.
After breakfast drive to Jagat via Marshyangdi valley through some twisting and turning roads. You will have some picturesque sceneries, roadside settlements and villages perched on the hilltop, glimpses of mountains and terraced fields to reach Besisahar. Ahead in the trail we shall encounter rough and dusty road whose discomfort is reduced by the marvelous scenery as seen from the windowpane of the vehicles. Overnight stay in Jagat.
After breakfast start your trek through the river and continue through lush forest. Further ascent leads to a cliff facing the riverbank. Enjoy the view of Annapurna massif throughout the way. Cross suspension bridge and ascend towards the slippery and physically challenging path to Sattale. From here you descend to a grassy riverbank which leads us to Tal. After crossing the forested village of Karte and walking through the waterfalls and cliffs and finally crossing the suspension bridge, we will reach Dharapani. Overnight stay in Dharapani.
After breakfast, we will begin our trek towards Bagarchap. We can visit White washed Monastery in Bagarchap. Then we continue our trek through pine and fir forest with magnificent view of Mt Manaslu, Annapurna II and Peak 29 until we reach Koto. Overnight stay in Koto.
Today we will register our Restricted Area Permit at Police Check Post and continue our trek through the Riverbank of Soti Khola. We will cross wonderful Pine forests, streams and suspensions until we reach Dharmasala. Steep ascend from here will lead us towards Meta village. Enjoy the glimpse of Annapurna II and Lamjung Himal from here. Overnight stay in Meta.
Phu Valley lies north of Koto and we will reach via the Nar Khola Valley. Our next four trekking days are long and the teahouses are (at present) few and far between. The route place-names refer to winter Kharkas (warmer, lower grazing fields, only used by the inhabitants during the cold season). We will fill water bottles regularly as the trails can be dry. The trail offers the beautiful views of Annapurna. We will cross the Marsyangdi Khola and trek north, west of the river, up the deep Nar Gorge through the dense ancient forest. The trail is carved into the rock, high above the river and later we will cross to the east bank and a tributary before an ACAP campsite. As the gorge narrows, we will climb well above the river through stands of pine and bamboo before we cross back to the west bank as the river veers to the NE and Hudaki Odar (3 060m, postman’s cave). Later we will cross to the east bank, passing behind a waterfall and continue to Dharamsala (3 220m, resting place for pack animals). We will pass the slopes of Kang Garu Himal past sheep goths (herder’s huts) which leads up to a Chorten (3 540m). The Nar ridge and Pisang Peak (6 091m) feature to the west, the Lamjung Himal (6 983m) to the south and walking through the terraced fields to Meta (Nar’s winter settlement). Overnight stay in Phu Gaon.
This day get some rest so that you could be familiar with the altitude where you are and be prepared for the next days long trek. So, today you will be just doing a short hike. You will get the plenty of time to explore villages and lifestyle. Overnight stay in Phu Gaon.
Today we hike to Nar Phedi. It takes 6-7 hours walking. Stay overnight at Nar Phedi.
After breakfast ascend through the view of Kangarun Peak passing Nar gate through Mani Stones. This day you will get a chance to have a fascinating facing view of Pesang Peak. Trek through different curves and Chortens until you reach Nar Village. Overnight stay in Nar Village.
Explore Nar Gaon (Village) with the mesmerising view of Kangaru Himal and Pisang Peak. Visit Guru Cholling Gompa on the top of the village. Similarly Samten Polgye Ling, Kunsel Dochen Choling Gompa and Samdru Choling. Take complete rest and get prepare to next day long walk to Kang La pass. Overnight stay in Nar Village.
Trek through the superb view of Pisang Peak and Yak grazing alps. Pass a small flat land of Jambu Kharka also known as Kang La Phedi. Descend down overlooking the picturesque landscape and cinerary which past Yak and sheep shelter finally brings you Ngawal after longday walk. Overnight stay in Ngwal.
Today is an easy day to Manang. Pass through the isolated village of Paugh overlooking the amazing views of Annapurna II, Gangapurna, Annapurna III, Gandarba Chuli and Pisang Peak. On the way visit famous Braga Monastery built in 17th century. Overnight stay in Manang.
Start your trek through streams and ascend to a village of Tenki above Manang. Continue to climb out of MArshyangdi Valley turning northwest up the Valley of Jarsang Khola. The trail passes near the small village of Ghunsang, a cluster of flat mud roofs just below the trailhead. Then the trail goes through meadows where horses and yaks graze. After crossing a small river on a wooden bridge, the trail passes an ancient old Mani wall in a pleasant meadow and then reaches another small village of Yak Kharka. Little but gradual ascent is the key to avoid altitude sickness. Overnight stay in Yak Kharka.
After breakfast trek to Thorang Phedi today. Thorang Phedi is a small settlement catering to the needs of tired trekkers and climbers. Some visitors also attempt a hike to the High Camp today so that the next day can be easier for them. But, we do not advise this as we will have a tough day tomorrow, we stop at Thorong Phedi so that we can have sound sleep in lower altitude rather than risking sleeping in a higher altitude at High Camp. Overnight stay at Thorong Phedi.
This day is a relatively hard day for us. Start your day early to cross Thorang La Pass (5,416m/17,764ft) which is also another highlight of this trek. But the picturesque mountain vistas are more than compensates the strenuous walk through the grueling trail. We reach Muktinath by sunset which is an important pilgrimage site for both Hindus and Buddhist. We can stroll around the area which hosts a Vishnu temple and a Monastery nearby. Overnight stay at Muktinath.
After breakfast start your journey by descending down the dramatic Kali Gandaki Gorge through the arid land. Pass through the villages of Jharkot and Khingar which has typical Tibetan architecture. Following the valley floor most of the way sprawled along the banks of Kali Gandaki until we reach Jomsom. Overnight stay in Jomsom.
After breakfast fly to Pokhara. This scenic flight takes us through the gorge of the two huge mountains, Annapurna and Dhaulagiri Massifs. Upon arrival at Pokhara transfer to Hotel. Rest of the day free at leisure. We can also go for a boat-ride in Fewa Lake or take a short hike to the World Peace Pagoda. We can end the day with a leisurely stroll around the mesmerizing lakeside area. Overnight stay at Hotel in Pokhara.
We return to Kathmandu by tourist bus, Upon arrival in Kathmandu; you will be escorted to your hotel. You can then have the rest of the day to rest or catch up on some last minute shopping or explore any landmarks we missed during on the first day in Kathmandu. In the evening, you will attend a celebration dinner. Overnight stay at Hotel in Kathmandu.
Sadly your most memorable journey ends today. A Great Nepal representative will escort you to the airport 3 hours before your scheduled flight. On your way home you have plenty of time to think about your recent adventure and to plan your next wonderful adventure in Nepal.
To enable all expedition members to acclimatize well and hence maximize their chances of success, our expedition programs are prepared with sufficient time for acclimatization. Adaptation to the altitude takes time and there can be no short-cuts, even if supplementary oxygen is used in the final stages. The atmospheric pressure at the base camp is half of that at the sea level. A thorough program of acclimatization is built into the itinerary which consists of regulated height ascents, followed by descents and rests before the final ascent to the summit. This will prevent the climbers to get rid from altitude sickness.
WHAT KIND OF PERSONAL FIRST AID KIT SHOULD I CARRY?
Although our guides carry first aid medical kit, it is better to carry a supply of first aid items for your own personal use according to your health conditions. Here are the list of some general as well as some special medications you may require:
DOES HIGH ALTITUDE EFFECTS AND BENEFITS?
You will be affected by high altitude problems if it is your fist trip at a high altitude. The altitude has some important beneficial effects on the human body and your trips have been designed to enable these. Please familiarize yourself with the information on AMS (Acute Mountain Sickness) and understand how to avoid it and read on benefits of high altitude and take advantage of these to improve your body' metabolism.
WHAT IS ACUTE MOUNTAIN SICKNESS? (AMS)
Altitude sickness is the reaction of the body adjusting to decreasing amounts of oxygen. The high altitude slowly decreases the flow of oxygen means the higher you climb, the flow of oxygen is very thin resulting the malfunction of body. Altitude sickness most commonly occurs from above 2,800 meters (9,200ft) but this is different for everyone - there is simply no way of knowing your own susceptibility prior to being at altitude thus it is vital for you to monitor your own health. AMS occurs when the body is unable to adopt at the higher altitude having less amount of oxygen. At an altitude of 5490m (18000 ft.), the oxygen availability becomes just the half of the availability at sea level. While only a third of oxygen is available at the summit of Mt. Everest. Symptoms may be mild and subside/go away after a day's rest, or if it is ignored it could lead to death.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF AMS?
Symptoms can appear within 1-2 hours although most often appear 6-10 hours after ascent and generally subside in 1-2 days as the body adjusts to altitude. They may reappear as you continue to go higher. Symptoms of AMS usually occur gradually and can be one or a combination of the following:
• Headache: Due to the less amount of oxygen in air, the blood influences the blood vessels to spread wide in order to supply more oxygen to the brain and which cause them to show the early symptom of AMS.
• Dopiness: The trekkers or climbers feel very sleepy but could not.
• Shortness of breath: The breathing pattern changes as the breathing becomes faster and deeper than normal in order to get enough oxygen and rapid pulse
• Loss of appetite and nausea: Despite of physical exercise, the trekkers don’t have an appetite to eat. They will feel as if they want to vomit.
• Pins and Needles: Sensation of a limbs falling asleep.
• Fatigue: Physical pressure while trekking the long hours followed by Insomnia shows the next symptom of AIMS which is fatigue.
• Dizziness: A feeling of falling down, it is the early symptoms of AMS.
• Malaise: Malaise is the feeling of being sick which is also one of the symptoms of AMS.
• Swelling of hands, feet & face: Due to the accumulation of fluids, the tissues swell which is also one of the symptoms of AMS.
Symptoms associated with more severe Acute Mountain Sickness includes:
• Cyanosis (alteration of skin color into bluish or purplish)
• Chest tightness or congestion
• Coughing up blood
• Decreased consciousness or withdrawal from social interaction
• Grey or pale complexion
• Inability to walk in a straight line, or to walk at all
• Shortness of breath at rest
At high altitude, all people will experience some of the above symptoms in a mild form. If the body is unable to adjust to altitude these symptoms will persist and if they are left untreated, altitude sickness may progress to High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE) or High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE). Edema means simply fluid accumulation in your interstitial body tissues. Both HACE and HAPE can be fatal if ignored.
LIFE THREATENING FORMS OF AMS.
High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE)
If one accumulates of fluid in the lungs and mild fever then, there is a chance of High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE). The filling of fluid in the lungs is Pulmonary Edema. The fluid blocks the passage of fresh oxygen to get into the lungs which causes the shortage of oxygen. Though the exact reason for the HAPE has not been identified, scientists think that pressure of blood vessel around the lungs is directly proportional to the altitude. As a result the smaller blood vessels leak allowing the fluid to escape to the lungs. The treatment for the HAPE victims is to give the oxygen at the rate of 4 liters a minute, using Portable Altitude Chamber (PAC). In case of unavailability of PAC bag or oxygen, one is taken down to the low altitude which is the only way of life-saving. HAPE can also lead to unconsciousness which may also results to death in a short period of time.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF HAPE (fluid in the lungs)?
• A dry cough, developing to a wet one with blood-tinged discharge or saliva
• Tightness in the chest & blueness/darkness of face, lips & tongue
• Low fever up to 38°C/100°F
• Severe fatigue, progressing to coma
High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE)
HACE is the accumulation of fluid in the brain due of the swollen blood vessels to the brain. HACE is also seen within a couple of hours and can send the patient to coma and take his/her life in just few hours likewise to HAPE. The excessive flow of blood to the brain due to the low-level oxygen causes vasodilation which eventually leads to leakage of blood vessels to the brain. A 4 to 8mg of dexamethasone is given as a first dose to those who suffer from such sickness and then 4mg Diamox is given an every six hours gap. Similarly, 2-4 liters/minute oxygen is given and one is taken to down if it is necessary.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF HACE (fluid in the brain)?
• Severe headache symptoms not relieved by painkillers or lying down
• Confusion, disorientation & drowsiness
• Loss of balance or coordination
• Blurred or double vision/retinal hemorrhage
HOW TO PREVENT?
Certain medical conditions (such as respiratory disease) or medications (such as sleeping pills) can increase the risk of altitude sickness - it is important that you inform your guide of any medical conditions or medications before ascending to altitude. You can help your body to acclimatize and avoid altitude sickness by:
• Avoiding alcohol, tobacco and substances that can interfere with good delivery of oxygen to the body or cause dehydration
• Eating small, frequent meals high in carbohydrates
• Drinking plenty of water – the test of sufficient amount of water intake is ability to urinate colorless urine
• Taking it easy or have a rest. Walk at a slower pace than you would at sea level and avoid over-exertion
• Climb the mountain gradually and stop for a day or two of rest for every 600m/2000ft above 2,400m/8000ft
• Climb high but Sleep at a lower altitude if possible
• Learn how to recognize early symptoms of mountain sickness
WHAT IS THE TREATMENT?
Most travelers are able to successfully acclimatize by following the previously mentioned guidelines. However, there are instances where medical treatment is required. Ultimately, the best treatment for acute mountain sickness (AMS) is to descend to a lower altitude and rest. Early diagnosis is important. Acute mountain sickness is easier to treat in the early stages. The guide will monitor you all the time for symptoms and will pace you appropriately to minimize your exposure to AMS.
Cooperating with the guide and reporting if any of the above-described symptoms are seen allows your guide to undertaking appropriate and timely action to minimize your exposure to AMS. Sufficient time for acclimatization (After 3000 meters) is also another method to minimize AMS. Following precautions can be done in order to get rid of AMS:
• Don’t ascent up rapidly.
• Never use alcohol, sleeping pills and smoking.
• Drink more fluid 3-4 liters a day, clean boiled water / tea / coffee / soup / juice etc.
• Climb high and sleep low.
• Don’t go trekking alone, take guide/porter.
• Follow the advice from your guide, hotel, local people, guidebook.
• Descent if mild symptoms rapidly getting worse.
• Never leave or descent sick person along.
• Avoid getting cold.
• Take an easy and comfortable trekking route even if it is longer.
• Sleep more than normal.
Your Guide will carry some medications in First Aid Kit and may suggest for medication such as Ibuprofen, Paracetamol, combination of them or specific AMS medication. Standard and effective medication for prevention of AMS is Acetazolamide (Diamox) and it may be given to help improve breathing and reduce mild symptoms. This drug can cause increased urination. Ensure you drink plenty of fluids and avoid alcohol when taking this drug.
With severe cases of AMS, our guide will contact our office in Kathmandu and arrange your evacuation by helicopter. Before we accept you on the trek we will require that you purchase health and travel insurance including helicopter rescue and hospitalization.
HOW DO WE HANDLE DURING THE CASE OF EMERGENCY?
You never know when the unexpected situation comes and put you in hearse condition. So such cases you will be rescued by Helicopter. You are entirely liable for all the expenses incurred in evacuation. So, before coming to Nepal, please make your travel insurance. Ask your guide to arrange a runner to the nearest communication point and inform office about requirement of a helicopter. For evacuation, we require the name of the sick person and the exact location from where helicopter can airlift you. You should not leave the place after calling Helicopter for evacuation though you are feeling better than before.
HOW TO GET SAFE DRINKING WATER?
On the trek, there is a facility of purchasing safe drinking water in teahouses.It is better if you carry the water purifying pills on your own. On camping trek, the water will be treated with Potassium permanganate or Iodine. On the trail, water from the streams is safe to drink, but better not to use it directly for drinking.
DO WE BE SECURE DURING OUR JOURNEY?
Security and a safe journey is our core objective of trekking. Our guide holds licenses issued by the Nepal Government and our staffs are local, honest, kind and genuine. But we also insist you to take care of your own personal belongings. If you are on ‘camping trek’ please take your main bag inside the tent once you reach campsite and put all bags and belongings in the middle of the tent when you feel sleepy. Your guide assigns a Sherpa on turn wise basis to guard the campsite throughout the night. If you are on ‘Tea house arrangement, never leave your baggage unattended and keep your lodge room locked when you go out.
IS YOUR COMPANY GOVERNMENTALLY RECOGNISED?
Our company is not only governmentally recognize but also affiliated with several other national and international agencies related to tourism. Our Managing Director Mr. Surya Bahadur Ghimire has already performed Media and press coordinator role being the Executive Member for two years (2015-2017) in TAAN (TREKKING AGENCIES ASSOCIATION OF NEPAL), which is only an umbrella organization of all trekking agencies’ in Nepal.
Why is Tipping essential?
There are several reasons why you should tip in Nepal. It is quite the same as for what you tip in restaurants. They live in remote areas that are far from proper health and education facilities. Tipping them will additionally encourage them to manage good and nutritive food to eat, warm and comfortable clothes to wear or other necessary basic requirements to maintain their livelihood in a comfortable way. A small gesture of gratitude will do no harm to you but actually changes the lives of many people for a long time in many reasons. Our company has its fund collected from the same percentage of profit and sometimes from the tips of our guests which will directly be invested for uplifting the economic condition of guides, porters and other staffs of office. It’s nothing more than the way to add smiles on those laborious faces.